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Full text of "The Heritage Lodge no. 730, A.F. & A.M., G.R.C. : proceedings 1989-1990"

The Heritage Lodge 

No. 730, A.F.& A.M., G.R.C. 




Instituted: September 21, 1977 
Constituted: September 23, 1978 



PROCEEDINGS 

Vol. 13, 1989 -1990 

Worshipful Master : 

V.W. BRO. Donald B. Kaufman 

Editor : 

R.W. BRO. Jacob (Jack) Pos 

10 May field Avenue, 

Guelph, Ont. N1G 2L8 

(519)821-4995 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/heritagelodge1990free 



3nailtiitcb: September 21. 1977 

QIonHtmrtcb: fceytembtr 23. 197B 

Donald B. Kaufman, W.M. s$FPto± W. Gray Rivers, Sec. 

441 Franklin St. North, fiy^$r\ 8 Kirb y Avenue 

Kitchener, Ontario. ErfionnS Dundas, Ontario 

N2A 1Z2 X£^g$ L9H 5K9 

(519) 893-3526 ^G^$T (416) 627-4291 




Uobge Summons 



Dear Sirs and Brethren: 



By order of the Worshipful Master, V.W.Bro. Donald B. Kaufman, you 
are hereby summoned to attend the FIFTY-SEVENTH Regular Meeting of 
the Heritage Lodge No. 730, G.R.C., to be held in the PRESTON- 
HESPELER MASONIC TEMPLE, CAMBRIDGE, on 

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21st, 1990, at 7.30 p.m. 

for the purpose of transacting such business as may regularly be brought 
before the Lodge, and especially to participate in the CEREMONY OF 
INSTALLATION AND INVESTITURE of the Worshipful Master and his 
Officers for the ensuing Masonic Year. The Master Elect, R.W.BRO. 
WILFRED T. GREENHOUGH, and the Installing Master, R.W.BRO. 
ROBERT S. THROOP, would like to see a large attendance of Members 
and Visitors. 

Sincerely and fraternally, R.W.Bro. W. Gray Rivers, 

Lodge Secretary 
TWO IMPORTANT NOTES: 

1. The HIGHWAY INTERCHANGE at NO'S 401 & 24 has been 
completely reconstructed, making the access to the Temple quite different 
and confusing! Whether travelling on 401 from either Toronto or London 
there is NOW ONLY ONE EXIT TO #24, with Traffic Lights for 24 North or 
South. FURTHER, our usual direct access to the Lodge Building from 24 
North has been PERMANENTLY CLOSED OFF, so you have to CIRCLE 
THE BUILDING! Go PAST the Temple and TURN RIGHT at the FIRST 
STOP LIGHT, then TURN RIGHT AGAIN at the NEXT STOP LIGHT, THEN 
TURN RIGHT AGAIN on GROH AVE. (opposite the ZEHR'S MALL and 
enter the parking lot from the East end) CONFUSING YES, BUT WE HOPE 
YOU MAKE IT! 

2. We will have our usual INFORMAL DINNER at KREBS RES- 
TAURANT, at 6.00 p.m. SHARP, for any Officers, Installing Team members, 



and any others, but with NOTHING LAID ON, and NO DESIGNATED 
NUMBER. Just come if you wish for a time of Masonic Fellowship. 

3. Favourable reports having been received on the applications for 
Affiliation from the following brethren, a BALLOT will be taken for: 

1 . Joseph Alexander Hannon, M.M.; 58 Forest St., Chatham; Born Sept. 
25/53; Quality Control Inspector; Member of Parthenon Lodge No. 267; 
Rec. by R.W.Bro. Gray Rivers and V.W.Bro. Stewart Rowntree. 

2. Ross Jarvis McDonald, P.M.; 11 Princess St. W., Box 898, Fenelon 
Falls; Born Jan. 17/27; Retired; Member of Faithful Brethren Lodge No. 
77 (INIT. Harry L. Martyn Lodge No. 696). rec. by R.W.Bro. David 
Wilson and W.Bro. George Isaac. 

HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE FIFTY-SIXTH MEETING 

The Fifty-sixth Regular Meeting of the Heritage Lodge No. 730 was held 
on Wednesday, September 19th, 1990, in the Preston-Hespeler Masonic 
Temple, Cambridge, Ontario, and was opened in due form at 7.37 p.m. by 
the W.M., V.W.Bro. Donald B. Kaufman, who extended a warm welcome to 
all present. He immediately invited the D. or C. to retire in order to present 
R.W.Bro. Morley Haynes, D.D.G.M. of London East District, who was given 
our usual welcome according to his new Grand Lodge recognition. 

The Tyler's Register showed 13 Officers, Plus R.W.Bro. Haynes, 20 
Members, and only one Visitor, for a total of 34 Masons in attendance. 

MINUTES: MOVED by the secretary, SECONDED by R.W.Bro. Dunn, 
that the Minutes of the Fifty-fifth Regular Meeting, held in London, be 
adopted as printed in the Summons for this meeting. CARRIED. 

CORRESPONDENCE: The Secretary drew attention to the following 
item of Correspondence: 

1 . Regrets from V.W.Bro. George Zwicker, and W.Bro. Stephen Maizels 
for inability to attend this meeting. 

2. Grand Master's approval of our proposed HERITAGE DAY at Black 
Creek Pioneer Village on Sunday, September 23rd. 

3. Requests from W. Bro. Edward F. Clarke and R.W.Bro. Stanley 
Caveney for Demits, both of whom will now be spending considerable time 
in Florida, and unable to participate in the life of the Lodge. 

4. Two resignations from committee responsibility - W.Bro. Glenson 
Jones, and R.W.Bro. John Boersma. These positions will have to be filled 
by the incoming W.M. 

MOVED by the Secretary, SECONDED by J.W., that the Correspon- 
dence be received and filed upon appropriate action being taken where 
necessary. CARRIED. 

PETITIONS: The Secretary gave basic details of the TWO applicants 
for Affiliation whose names and full details appear on Page 1 of this 
Summons. 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL PURPOSES: Given by 
the S.W.: 

The Committee of General Purposes met in the Preston-Hespeler 
Masonic Temple, Cambridge, on Wednesday, August 15th, 1990, at 7.30 
p.m., the S.W. in the chair. 14 members were present, and regrets recorded 
from four others. 

MINUTES: On motion of R.W.Bro. Pos and W.Bro. Barker, the Minutes 
of the meeting of April 18, 1990, were adopted as printed and circulated. 
Carried. 

BUSINESS ARISING from Minutes: Based on the report given by 
R.W.Bro. Pos on" his investigation of possible amplification and recording 
equipment this Committee had recommended that professional advice be 
sought and we are now awaiting a response from R.W.Bro. McKenzie. 
R.W.Bro. Drew agreed to follow this up. 

CORRESPONDENCE: 

1 . Dispensation has been received from the Grand Master to proceed with 
the first Masonic Day to be observed at the Black Creek Pioneer Village 
on Sunday, September 23rd, 1990. 

2. A thank you note from Mrs. Margaret Hesp for the recognition and gift 
received from the Lodge relating to her retirement from the Black Creek 
staff. 

3. Grand Lodge notices of election results and appointments made at 
Grand Lodge, along with Amendments to the Constitution, including 
those especially affecting "Historical Lodges", and effective as of July 
19, 1990. 

On motion of R.W.Bro. Dunn and R.W.Bro. McFadgen the Correspon- 
dence was received and, where necessary, dealt with under the item of 
General Business. Carried. 

ACCOUNTS: On motion of R.W.Bro. Steen and W.Bro. Thornton the 
followmg Accounts will be recommended to the Lodge for payment: 

George Moore, Ass't See's Account $ 33.35 

Standard Forms: May Summons & Mailing 469.67 

Black creek Interpreters' Luncheon 332.10 

A. Hogg: Postage 11.16 

Grand Lodge: Semi-Annual Dues 1 ,142.50 

Grand Lodge: Two Life Mem. Com. Fees 100.00 

Secretary: Semi-Ann. Honourarium 437.50 

Editor: " " 125.00 

Secretary: Postage & Office Supplies 83.83 

Royal York: Lodge Office & room at Grand Lodge 631 .00 

Ken McLellan: Postage 7.80 

Geo. Moore: Ass't See's Account 87.26 

3,461.17 

TREASURER: Since our Fiscal year ends in a couple of weeks, the 



Treasurer just reported the current standings of all our accounts as of this 
date, and Moved the acceptance of the report. This was Seconded by 
W.Bro. Thornton. Carried. 

COMMITTEE REPORTS: 

1. BY-LAWS: A copy of the existing By-laws, as well as a Notice of 
Motion, was provided to each Committee member for study in preparation 
for a SPECIAL MEETING OF THIS COMMITTEE to by held August 29, 
1990, for the purpose of detailed study of these documents. 

2. JANUARY BANQUET: The Chairman of this committee pointed out 
that the Black Creek Caterers have out-priced themselves and thus 
alternative locations are being sought. The York Temple on Millwood Road 
and the Scottish Rite Cathedral, Hamilton, are being checked. The 
SPEAKER is to be R.W.BRO. WALLACE McLEOD. 

3. AWARDS: R.W.Bro. James Curtis reported that as yet no nomina- 
tions have been received for the JAMES DUNLOP AWARD. 

4. LIASKAS PAINTINGS: R.W.Bro. Dunn stated that during the past 
year he has sold 18 framed and five unframed paintings to the value of 
$2,715.00. The total income from sale of the Liaskas Prints now stands at 
$21,270. 

5. MASONIC HERITAGE: R.W.Bro. Drew advised that Papers and 
Speakers were on track for the next several meetings. On motion of W.Bro. 
Thornton and R.W.Bro. Dunn, it was recommended that the May 1991 
Meeting, slated for NAPANEE, be held on Wednesday EVENING, May 15, 
rather than on a Saturday. Carried. 

6. CURATOR: W.Bro. Thornton Moved, Seconded by R.W.Bro. Drew, 
that the report of the Curator be tabled until our next meeting to enable the 
Chairman to shed further insight into its contents. Carried. 

7. EDITOR: R.W.Bro. Pos submitted a multi-page analysis and review 
of current Paper Preparation procedures and suggested that he produce an 
"Author Information Package" which would be given to anyone planning to 
present a Paper to the Lodge. This would assure that the Information 
Committee would be well informed of what was happening, and the 
"Proceedings" would be up to date and published on schedule. 

R.W.Bro. Pos Moved, Seconded by R.W.Bro. Drew, that this report be 
accepted. Carried. 

8. INTERPRETERS: V.W.Bro. McLellan gave a verbal report on the 
successes and difficulties in getting and retaining interpreters for the Lodge 
room at Black Creek Pioneer Village. He stated that last year there were 
some days when Interpreters were not available. This year there are some 
50 new names as volunteers, 1 9 of whom appear to be active. Some others 
have been available a day or so here and there. At present we have 102 
names on the volunteer list. 

ADJOURNMENT: Before being adjourned it was announced that the 
current "Proceedings" were not yet available but should be ready for 



distribution with the November Summons. On Motion of R.W.Bros Drew and 
Steen the meeting adjourned, the next Regular Meeting of the Committee 
to be on October 17th, at 7.30 p.m., here in Cambridge. 

ACTION: On Motion of the Wardens the Accounts as listed in the report 
be approved for payment. Carried. 

Also on Motion of the Wardens the report as a whole was adopted. 
Carried. 

NOTICE OF MOTION: W.Bro. Don Thornton gave NOTICE OF 
MOTION concerning the REVISION OF OUR LODGE BY-LAWS as 
reviewed at a SPECIAL MEETING OF THE C. G. P. on August 29th, 1 990, 
and circulated to all members of the Lodge as part of the November 
Summons. 

GENERAL BUSINESS: R.W.Bro. Jack Pos gave a report on the 
researches being carried out by R.W.Bro. Allan Cohoe with regard to 
Masonic artifacts and memborabilia being discovered during the relocation 
process of a very old Cemetery in Bellville, which proved most interesting. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS: This being the occasion of our annual 
Election of Officers for the ensuing Masonic Year, the W.M. invited the 
Scrutineers whom he had appointed (our apologies for failure to note 
names!) to prepare for this process. 

Results of the election by ballot were: 

Worshipful Master Elect: \ R.W. Bro. Wilfred T. Greenhough 

Senior Warden Elect: R.W. Bro. Frank G. Dunn 

Junior Warden Elect: W. Bro. Stephen H. Maizels 

Secretary: R.W. Bro. W. Gray Rivers 

Treasurer: R.W. Bro. Duncan J. McFadgen 

W.Bro. Don Thornton Nominated R.W.Bro. Edgar G. Burton as Tyler 
Elect. Motion by R.W.Bros. Drew and Pos that nominations be closed. 
Carried. 

Motion by R.W.Bros. Gray Rivers and W.Bro. David Fletcher that the 
present Auditors, viz; R.W.Bros Kenneth G. Bartlett and James Curtis be re- 
elected. Carried. 

Motion by R.W.Bros. McFadgen and Drew that the Examining Board for 
the Master Elect be W.Bro. Albert Barker, R.W.Bro. Charles Grimwood, and 
V.W.Bro. George Moore. Carried. 

Election thus concluded the W.M. congratulated the newly elected 
Officers and thanked the scrutineers for their services - responded to with 
applause. 

MOMENT OF MEDITATION: The W.M. apologized for his oversight 
earlier in the evening, and now invited our Chaplain to give us his 



"MOMENT OF MEDITATION". This was accepted by R.W.Bro. R. Cerwyn 
Davies who provided a refreshing interlude to a heavy agenda. (We did not 
get his notes to pass on to you - sorry) 

BALLOT: No objection being voiced, a collective ballot was taken on 
the THREE applicants whose names appear on Page one of the September 
Summons. The ballot proving favourable the W.M. declared the following 
brethren to be Members of The Heritage Lodge No. 730, and requested that 
they sign the By-laws at their earliest convenience: Bro. Keith Wayne 
Ferguson; Bro. Douglas Franklin, and Bro. David Zellermayer. 

PROGRAM: The rather heavy business agenda now concluded, the 
W.M. called upon R.W.Bro. Drew to introduce his program of the evening. 
R.W.Bro. Drew in turn invited V.W.Bro. Douglas Gow to introduce our 
speaker, V.W.Bro. Walter Ford, who gave a most interesting Paper on the 
subject: "YORK-TORONTO ON THE SQUARE". 

Following V.W.Bro. Ford's presentation R.W.Bro. Ed Ralph offered a 
brief review and critique, which was responded to by V.W.Bro. Ford. (NOTE: 
This PAPER and REVIEW will be published in the next issue of "Poceed- 
ings"). 

R.W.Bro. Robert Summerville, in most apropriate words, expressed the 
thanks of all brethren present for the time, effort, research, and presentation 
by our speaker, and also to the reviewer - all of which drew a standing 
ovation. 

R.W.Bro. Drew, after adding his personal thanks to R.W.Bro. Ford, 
made a brief comment on the pleasure and profit to be derived from the 
researching and study that goes with the preparation of a Paper Presen- 
tation, and invited anyone who has a real interest in some aspect of our 
Masonic Heritage to make this known to him as we are always looking for 
future speakers. 

The program of the evening thus concluded, the W.M. expressed his 
personal thanks to everyone for their co-operation in expediting the 
business of a heavy agenda so efficiently, thanked the speaker in particular, 
and called on R.W.Bro. Jack MacKenzie to outline briefly the plans for the 
JANUARY BANQUET. 

R.W.Bro. MacKenzie stated that the Banquet would be held this year at 
the YORK MASONIC TEMPLE, 1100 MILLWOOD ROAD, TORONTO, 
JANUARY 30th. 1 991 , with R.W.BRO. WALLACE McLEOD as SPEAKER. 
Tickets should be available at our November meeting. 

There being no further business, the meeting was closed in harmony at 
9.52 p.m. 

ANNOUNCEMENTS 

1 . Pick up your TICKETS for the JANUARY BANQUET at this meeting - 
or from any of our Officers as soon as possible! 



2. Our Master Elect is working on plans for the MARCH meeting in 
OSHAWA, and the MAY meeting in NAPANEE. Full details of BOTH 
these meetings will be announced in good time. 

3. DUES: The BIGGEST HEADACHE and HEARTACHE of all Lodge 
Secretaries! WHY DO WE HAVE MEMBERS WHO JUST DON'T PAY? 
Happily MOST DO, but the fact is we have TOO MANY in ARREARS. 
PLEASE - PLEASE - LOOK at the MAILING LABEL: and IF an amount 
(25, 50, or more) appears ABOVE THE FIRST LETTER OF YOUR 
NAME - A CHEQUE WOULD BE MOST APPRECIATED. 

SEE YOU AT INSTALLATION! 



THE GRAND MASTER 

THE DEPUTY GRAND MASTER 
THE GRAND SECRETARY . . . 



GRAND LODGE OFFICERS, 1990 

. . . M.W.BRO 
. . . R.W.BRO. 
. . . M.W.BRO 



1991 



DAVID C. BRADLEY 
NORMAN E. BYRNE 
ROBERT E. DAVIES 



THE HERITAGE LODGE OFFICERS, 1990 



Worshipful Master 
Immediate Past Master 
Senior Warden . . . 
Junior Warden . . . 

Chaplain 

Treasurer 

Secretary 

Assistant Secretary 
Senior Deacon . . . 
Junior Deacon .... 
Director of Ceremonies 

Inner Guard 

Senior Steward . . . 
Junior Steward . . . 

Organist 

Historian 

Tyler 



V.W.Bro. Donald B. Kaufman 
R.W.Bro. Edmund V. Ralph 
R.W.Bro. Wilfred T. Greenhough 
R.W.Bro. Frank G. Dunn 
R.W.Bro. R. Cerwyn Davies 
R.W.Bro. Duncan J. McFadgen 
R.W.Bro. W. Gray Rivers 
V.W.Bro. George F. Moore 
W.Bro. Stephen H. Maizels 
W.Bro. David Fletcher 
R.W.Bro. Edsel C. Steen 
R.W.Bro. Kenneth L. Whiting 
W.Bro. Thomas Crowley 
R.W.Bro. Larry J. Hostine 
R.W.Bro. Leonard R.Hertel 
R.W.Bro. Fred. R. Branscombe 
R.W.Bro. John M. Boersma 



COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN 



Archivist W.Bro. Glen T. Jones 

Editor R.W.Bro. Jacob Pos 

Masonic Information R.W.Bro. C. Edwin Drew 

Curator R.W.Bro Edmund V. Ralph 

Librarian R.W.Bro John Storey 

Graphics Bro. Basil Liaskas 

Finance and By-laws W.Bro. Donald D. Thornton 

Membership R.W.Bro. John M. Boersma 

Black Creek Mas. Heritage V.W.Bro. Alan D. Hogg 

Central Data Bank V.W.Bro. Kenneth C. McLellan 

Publications R.W.Bro. Balfour LeGresley 

Special Events R.W.Bro. Kenneth L. Whiting 

Liaskas Paintings R.W.Bro. Frank G. Dunn 

Auditors R.W.Bro. Kenneth G. Bartlett 

R.W.Bro. James Curtis 



PAST MASTERS 



1977 & 1978 

1979 

1980 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 

1985 

1986 

1987 

1988 

1989 



R.W.BRO. Jacob Pos 
R.W.Bro. Keith R. A. Flynn 
R.W.Bro. Donald G. S. Grinton 
M. W.Bro. Ronald E. Groshaw 
V.W.Bro. George E. Zwicker 
R.W.Bro. Balfour LeGresley 
R.W.Bro. Daved C. Bradley 
R.W.Bro. E. Edwin Drew 
R.W.Bro. Robert S. Throop 
W. Bro. Albert A. Barker 
R.W.Bro. Edsel C. Steen 
R.W.Bro. Edmund V. Ralph 



THE HERITAGE LODGE NO. 730 

RE: AMENDMENTS TO BY-LAWS: FORMING PART 

OF NOVEMBER SUMMONS 

NOTICE OF MOTION September 1 9, 1 990 

I will move or cause to be moved at our next regular meeting, that the following amendments 
be made to the By-laws of The Heritage Lodge No. 730 G.R.C. 

1 . that Article II be amended by adding a sentence to paragraph 1 to read as follows: 
"This Lodge is a Research Lodge as outlined in Part 1 1 A, Section 383.1 of the Constitution 
of the said Grand Lodge. 

2. that Article V, Paragraph 1 be amended by inserting a comma and the words "the 
certified copy of the Warrant" between the words "warrant" and "and the other Lodge 
Records" 

3. that Article V, paragraph 18 be renumbered 20 and new paragraphs 18 and 19 be 
inserted to read as follows: 

" CURATOR 

(not an officer) 
" 18. The Curator shall be responsible for the safekeeping of all masonic artifacts and 
memorabilia having historical value which may be placed in his care. He shall maintain a full 
and accurate record of the same, including such information as sources, donors, dates of 
origin and acquisition, and brief descriptions of each item. He shall make such information 
available to any member of the Lodge on written request. He shall periodically publish a list 
of all items under his care. 

" LIBRARIAN 

(not an officer) 
"1 9. The Librarian shall be responsible for the safekeeping of all books and periodicals which 
may be placed in his care. He shall maintain a full and accurate record of the same, including 
titles, authors, publishers, subject matter, etc. The material in his care shall be available to 
any member of the Lodge on writtern request. He shall periodically publish a list of all items 
under his care." 

4. that Article VI, paragraph 1 be amended by adding 
"1 .10 Black Creek Masonic Heritage 

1.11 William James Dunlop awards 

1.12 Heritage Banquet" 

immediately after "1 .9 Lodge Finances" and deleting the word "Active" where it appears in 
the second sentence and substituting therefor the word "standing". 

5. that Article VII, Paragraph 4 be deleted and the following substituted therefor: "The 
Committee on Masonic Information shall be guided by the first three objectives (Preface) 
established by the Lodge. The chairman, with the assistance of his committee, shall be 
responsible for planning the educational portion of Lodge Meetings at least one year in 
advance and preferably two years in advance on a continuing basis. The committee will, in 
normal circumstances, select those who are to deliver papers before the Lodge. The 
committee will explain to each speaker that a written copy of his paper, suitable for 
publication, will be required at least six months before the date of presentation in open 



Lodge. When the advance copy of the paper reaches the Committee, they will deliver copies 
of it to respondents, who will prepare written critiques and return them to the committee three 
months before the date of presentation. (The Editor shall also receive a copy of the 
presentation at this time.) This will allow them an opportunity to prepare to comment publicly 
on the paper after it is delivered in open Lodge. The Committee will provide the Guest 
speaker with copies of these critiques in order that he might be prepared to respond on the 
date of presentation. The Committee will ensure that written copies of the remarks made by 
the respondents, and any response made by the presenter, are placed in the hands of the 
Editor no later than the date of the communication at wich the paper is delivered." 

6. that Article VII, Paragraph 10 be renumbered 13. 

7. that Article VII be amended by adding "Paragraph 10 - BLACK CREEK MASONIC 
HERITAGE" to read as follows: "The purpose of the Masonic Lodge at Black Creek Pioneer 
Village is to present masonry in a favourable light to the many visitors who tour the Village 
each year. The Lodge room is furnished with pre- Confederation furnishings and is staffed by 
volunteer Masonic interpreters. 

"The Black Creek Masonic Heritage committee shall be responsible to liaise with the 
Metropolitan Toronto and Region Conservation Authority on the operation, maintenance and 
staffing of the Lodge room. 

"The committee will enlist volunteers from the lodges to staff the facility and will meet 
regularly to review the issues and concerns raised by the interpreters or the Metropolitan 
Toronto and Region Conservation Authority. 

"As the interpreters may, on occasion, have Masonic artifacts presented to them for the 
Lodge's use, the committee will be responsible to receive these items and to recommend to 
the Committee of General Purposes the appropriateness of their display at the Black Creek 
Masonic Lodge Room. 

"It will also be the committee's responsibility to recommend to the Committee of General 
purposes any improvemnts to the Lodge room, its furnishings and any other matter which 
would enhance the image of Masonry portrayed to the general public who visit the village. 

8. that article VII be amended by adding "Paragraph 1 1 - WILLIAM JAMES DUNLOP 
AWARDS" to read as follows: "The Lodge wishes to recognize the outstanding contribution 
made by a Mason, whether a member of The Heritage Lodge or not, to the Craft within 
Ontario. This will be in the form of a Plaque called "THE WILLIAM JAMES DUNLOP 
AWARD". It is not intended to be based on any particular time frame, and not more than 
ONE given per year, but is given for a continuing contribution to Masonry. The William James 
Dunlop Awards Committee shall select recipients in accord with the following guidelines: 

1 . Awarded for continuing effort to Masonic Research and Education in Ontario. 

2. For any significant Masonic contribution OUTSIDE of Ontario. 

3. Need NOT be a member of The Heritage Lodge. 

4. The contribution must have been of a continuing nature in Masonic Education, 
Research, Instruction, and Masonic Heritage. 

5. It must NOT be construed to be for one single major contribution. 

6. The Award cannot be granted for any contribution which is considered to be in the 
regular performance of his duties of his office. 

7. The decision of the Committee is to be final. 



8. Each member of the Committee is appointed for a three year term. At the end of his 
term, the Committee will suggest a new member, who may be the retiring member, and 
who must be a member of The Heritage Lodge in good standing. The Committee of 
General Purposes will, after due consideration, recommend any new member for ap- 
pointment. The SENIOR member will serve as Chairman. 

9. In the event of a member of the Committee wishing to be released from the Committee 
before the three years, he must do so by letter to the Chairman. The Committee will 
then select a new member and present the name to the Lodge for adoption. 

9. that Article VII be amended by adding "Paragraph 12 - HERITAGE BANQUET" to 
read as follows: "The Heritage Banquet Committee shall be responsible for arranging an 
annual banquet to be held if possible on the 29th, 30th or 31st, if a week day, in the month 
of January. The Committee shall consist of a Chairman and a Treasurer with the Chairman 
given the power to add. The planning and organizing of the banquet, including ticket printing 
and distribution, menu, cover charge, location of the event, etc. shall be the Committee's 
responsibility. Procurement of a Guest Speaker shall be the responsibility of the Worshipful 
Master." 

10. that Article VII, paragraph 9 be amended by inserting the words "October Meeting 
of the" between the words "submit to the" and "Committee of General Purposes" and deleting 
the words "at its first meeting after Installation," where they appear in the first sentence of 
sub section 9.3 

11. that Article IX, sub heading "INITIATION", and Paragraph 1 be deleted, and 
Paragraphs 2, 3, & 4 be renumbered 1 , 2, & 3 respectively. 

1 2. that Article X, paragraph 2 be amended by deleting the words "on application to the 
Lodge Secretary" and substituting therefor the words "by submitting an application to the 
Lodge Secretary on the approved form, which is obtainable from that officer." 

13. that article XII, Paragraph 1 be amended by deleting the word "three" and 
substituting therefor the word "four" where it appears in the first sentence; by deleting the 
word "and" where it appears between the words "Capital Fund" and "(c)"; and adding after 
the words "Life Membership Fund", a comma and the words "and (d) The Special Projects 
Fund" 

1 4. that Article XII, paragraph 2 by amended by adding to the end of the first sentence 
the words "and Corresponding Subscriber fees" and by deleting the words "District tax" 
where they appear in the second sentence. 

1 5. that Article XII, paragraph 3 be amended by deleting the words "Initiation and" where 
they appear in the first sentence; and by deleting the word "Charter" where it appears in the 
second sentence and substituting therefor the word "Chartered". 

1 6. that Article XII, Paragraphs 7, 8, 9, 1 0, 1 1 , 1 2 & 1 3 be deleted and the following be 
substituted therefor: 

"7. The fund shall be monitored by the Finace Committee and administered by the 
Committee of General Purposes, which shall ensure that an amount equal to the annual 
dues, less Grand Lodge per capita tax, times the number of Life Members, or the amount of 
real interest earned from the invested sum, whichever is the lesser, is transfered to the 



Operating Fund each year. 

"8. Except as required for investment, as described in ARTICLE XII, paragraphs 6 and 
7, no portion of the principal amount of the Life Membership fund shall be withdrawn, without 
a Notice of Motion of the proposed withdrawl having been given in a Lodge Summons, and 
without a 2/3 majority vote of the members present and voting at the next Regular Meeting 
of the Lodge. The amount to be withdrawn shall not maintain the Life Membership, as 
determined in Appendix A of these By-Laws. 

"9. No fee, in whole or in part, may be returned to a brother, or to his estate for any 
reason, including demission, suspension, expulsion or death. 
THE SPECIAL PROJECTS FUND 

"10. The Special Projects Fund, originally established to segregate funds earned from 
special projects such as the Annual Banquet, the republishing of the C.M.R.A. Papers, and 
the sale of limited edition prints of the Liaskas' painting, from funds collected in the ordinary 
course of the Lodge's activities, is to be augmented by further funds generated by such 
activities. 

"1 1 . The funds shall be administered by the Committee of General Purposes, who shall 
use the funds as seed money to fund other special projects, as approved by the Lodge on 
a motion duly moved, seconded and passed, after a Notice of Motion has been duly made. 

"12. When the cash balance in the Special Projects Fund is sufficient to warrant 
investment, the treasurer shall report the fact to the Finance Committee and to the 
Committee of General Purposes, and the latter will make the final recommendation to the 
Lodge. If the recommendation is approved, the Lodge shall authorize the treasurer to invest 
a specific sum in suitable securities. The purchase of such securities shall be made by 
cheque. 

ADMINISTRATION 

"1 3. Interest earned by the invested amounts shall be deposited in the specific account 
from which the funds were invested. 

"14. All bonds, certificates and other securities shall be kept in a safe deposit box 
approved by the Lodge, and shall be made available to the auditors at any time with due 
notice. 

"15. The Committee of General Purposes shall have power to authorize the purchase 
of investments at any time on behalf of the Lodge, and to have their actions ratified at the 
next Regular Meeting of the Lodge." 

1 8. that Appendix A be amended by deleting the date "1 988/89" where it appears in the 
example and substituting therefor the date "1990/91 " and by deleting the amount "$30.00" 
where it appears for Grand Lodge Commutation Fee and substituting the amount "$50.00" 
therefor. 

19. that Appendix B be amended by deleting Paragraph 1 and renumbering Paragraphs 
2, 3 & 4 as 1 , 2 & 3 respectively. 

20. that Appendix B, renumbered Paragraph 3 be amended by changing the amount of 
"$25.00" to "$1 5.00". 

21. that Appendix D be amended by deleting the heading "AMENDMENT" and 
paragraphs 13 and 16, and renumbering paragraphs 14 and 15 as numbers 13 and 14. 




THE WORSHIPFUL MASTER 

V.W. Bro. Donald Bruce Kaufman 



Initiated in Wilson Lodge No. 113, 
Charter Member Concord Lodge No. 7 
Preston Chapter No. 245, R. A. M. , 
Charter Member The Heritage Lodge, 
W. M. Concord Lodge No. 722, 
Appointed Grand Steward, G.R.C., 
Royal City Lodge Perfection A.&A.S 
Guelph Chapter Rose Croix, A. &A.S 
Moore Sovereign Consistory, 
Secretary Concord Lodge No. 722, ( 
Treasurer Preston-New Hope Masonic 
Corporation. 



22 



1964 

1969 

1976 

1977 

1978 

1983 

.R. ,1984 

.R. ,1985 

1986 

to date) 

Holding 



PREFACE 



As The Heritage Lodge proceeds through its 
thirteenth year, it is pursuing a number of 
avenues of change, that will enhance its 
existence as a unique, historical research 
lodge. 

These changes will allow The Heritage 
Lodge to more readily attain and sustain 
its principle objectives. We thank Grand 
Lodge for its advice and support during 
this period of change. 

This progress is fuelled and will be 
fuelled, in the future, by the talent, 
enthusiasm, support and hard work of its 
dedicated members. Much has been accomp- 
lished, in past years, but much more 
remains to be done. 

This year, The Heritage Lodge held meet- 
ings in Lindsay and London. We thank the 
Lodges and Masons in these Districts for 
their hospitality and their interest and 
support of our work. 

The Annual Heritage Banquet was a success, 
we are greatly indebted to R.W. Bro. 
Kenneth L. Whiting for his work in ensuring 
this success. 

The preservation of our history in the 
form of the written word and historical 
artifacts contributes to our understanding 
of past events and forms a foundation on 
which to build for the future. 



I would encourage and perhaps challenge 
Masons to investigate, discover and 
research important events in our Jurisdic- 
tion and record their observations and 
commentary. Perhaps even to expand their 
observations into a paper for presentation 
to the Lodge. 

I thank the members of The Heritage Lodge 
for extending to me the honour of serving 
as the Worshipful Master. 

Donald B. Kaufman, W.M. 



EDITORIAL COMMENTS 

The first meeting of the Lodge this year 
was held at our regular meeting place in 
Cambridge on September 20, 1989. The 
Speaker on this occasion was our incumbent 
Worshipful Master who presented a most 
interesting paper titled f M.W. Bro. John 
Ross Robertson - His Life and Contribution 
to Masonic Heritage 1 . It should be noted 
that the presentation of this paper was in 
keeping with the recommendation that every 
Officer of the Lodge should research a 
Masonic Paper for presentation to the Lodge 
before he becomes a Past Master. 

The Sixth Annual Heritage Banquet was 
again held in the Visitor's Centre, Black 
Creek Pioneer Village. The Guest Speaker 
was Rabbi Dr. David Monson, who gave a talk 
on Nathan Phillips, the first Jewish Mayor 
of the City of Toronto. There was no writ- 
ten material available for publication. 



The March meeting was held in the Masonic 
Lodge Building, Lindsay, Ontario. The Guest 
Speaker was R.W. Bro. Rev. William Fairley 
who spoke on 'Masonry and Religion. 

R.W. Bro. Frank Standring presented a 
provocative paper titled ! Eden Lodge and 
the Grand Lodge of Ontario 1 at the May 
meeting held in the Dufferin Street Masonic 
Lodge Building, London, Ontario. Two formal 
reviews and an interesting discussion 
preceded the concluding remarks by R.W. 
Bro. Standring. 

A number of brethren have suggested that 
the Lodge appears to be drifting away from 
the established procedure for presentation 
of research papers. See the article on 
1 Masonic Papers - A Real Concern 1 . 

A notice of motion for major changes in 
the Lodge By-Laws will reflect the new 
additions in the Grand Lodge Constitution, 
which were passed at the Annual Communica- 
tion in July, and which now provide for the 
institution and conduct of Research Lodges. 

The next project will be a revision of 
'Appendix D 1 of the Lodge By-Laws which 
includes the Editorial Policy for Publicat- 
ions, Proceedings, Special Publications, 
Submission of Manuscripts, the Editor and 
the Editorial Board. If you have any con- 
structive thoughts on these matters, please 
convey them to me by any convenient means. 



Jack Pos 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

SUBJECT PAGE 

The Worshipful Master, 1 

Preface, 2 

Editorial Comments, 3 

Table of Contents, 4 

Disclaimer, 4 

M.W. Bro. John Ross Robertson, by 

R.W. Bro. E.V. Ralph, 4 

Masonry and Religion, by 

R.W. Bro. Rev. William Fairley, . 64 

Eden Lodge and The Grand Lodge of Ontario 
by R.W. Bro. F.A. Standring, ... 81 
Review #1 by R.W. Bro. E.S. Carson, 107 
Review #2 by R.W. Bro. J.J. Talman, 109 

Masonic Papers - A Real Concern, by 

R.W. Bro. Jack Pos, 112 

Our Departed Brethren, 124 

An Anchor, by 

W.Bro. Gordon Winters, 12 6 

Lodge Officers & Committees, . . . 128 

DISCLAIMER 

The contributors to these Proceedings 
are alone responsible for the opinions 
expressed and also for the accuracy of the 
statements made therein, and do not necess- 
arily reflect the opinions or policies of 
The Heritage Lodge. 



M.W. BRO. JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON 

His Life and Contribution to 
Masonic Heritage* 

by 

R.W. Bro. Edmund V. Ralph 
(W.M. The Heritage Lodge, 1988-89) 



INTRODUCTION 

The Lodge programme of your Worshipful 
Master this year was to have masonic 
speakers from outside this jurisdiction to 
represent a theme of International Free- 
masonry. Obviously, this did not happen, so 
you have me to present the historical 
lecture this evening. Let this be a warning 
to any aspiring officer to have a Heritage 
Lecture readily available — preferably in 
their back pocket — just in case the 
planning breaks down as it has in my case. 

I have felt that the subject of Inter- 
national Freemasonry appeals to the imagin- 
ation of all masons. I also feel that in 
this modern world of instant electronic 
communication, freemasonry throughout the 
world is subject to the same media examin- 
ation and criticism no matter where an 



* Paper presented at the Regular Meeting of 
The Heritage Lodge held in the Preston - 
Hespeler Masonic Building, Cambridge, 
Wednesday, September 20, 1989. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 6 



issue starts. There is a need then for 
freemasonry to stand united, more than it 
has ever before. This globalization impact 
on freemasonry is divisive and the institu- 
tion is more vulnerable to the up and down 
moods of society. 

It may have been wishful thinking on my 
part that some of these issues could have 
been examined. . Perhaps, from the printed 
handouts at our meetings, and from the 
lectures during the year, a bit of light 
has been exposed on the subject. 

My subject this evening is not inter- 
national freemasonry. It concerns the City 
of Toronto and this Grand Jurisdiction. My 
topic is "M.W. Bro John Ross Robertson 
(J.R.R.): his life and contribution to 
Masonic Heritage" . As some of you may not 
know this person, I will briefly introduce 
him so that you will be immediately in the 
picture. He was born in his parental home 
on Simcoe St., Toronto, December 28, 1841. 
He died in the same city May 31, 1918. He 
was an historian, an author, a publisher, a 
journalist, and politician, owner of the 
Toronto Evening Telegram and a mason. He 
loved small children, was a family man and 
considered to be the father of amateur 
sport. He was a dedicated collector of 
historical pictures, maps and manuscripts 
which were all donated to the Toronto 
Public Library to form the J. Ross 
Robertson Historical Collection. He was a 
political strategist in his own community, 
and a member of the Canadian Parliament. He 
was a generous philanthropist who shaped 
the destiny of the Hospital for Sick 
Children. He was Right Eminent Knight 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 7 



Provincial Grand Prior 1882-85, Grand Z 
Royal Arch Masons 1896 and Grand Master of 
Masons in the Province of Ontario in 1890- 
91. 

It is fitting to discuss J.R.R. because it 
is nearly 150 years since he was born, 70 
years since his death and 99 years since he 
was Grand Master. As time passes, his 
legacy tends to fade in the minds of 
masons. As a Heritage Lodge it should be 
our purpose to preserve the heritage which 
previous masons gave us and I dedicate this 
lecture to that purpose and I hope it will 
not be considered the last word on J.R.R. 

I have four objectives: 

1. To increase or renew your appreciation 
of the contribution this mason made to 
Freemasonry. 

2 . To remind you of the commitment this 
Lodge has to preserve the masonic heri- 
tage which all Masons have left to 
future generations. 

3. To illustrate highlights of his activ- 
ities and how he integrated his Free- 
masonry within his own life experie- 
nces. 

4. To comment on or evaluate his contribu- 
tion to Masonic Heritage and our 
response to his legacy. 

I may appear to be somewhat political in 
regard to the latter objective. You will 
have to excuse me because it is not my 
desire to point the finger at any one 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 8 



person or group, but rather to raise ques- 
tions about where we can go from here in 
the preservation of the great heritage 
J.R.R. left us. 

I am personally greatly indebted to a 
number of persons who assisted me; their 
names appear in the bibliography. 



HIS TIMES 

To appreciate J. Ross Robertson's contrib- 
ution, one has to know and understand the 
times in which he lived. The day he was 
born gas light was turned on for the first 
time in the city. He was the product of the 
Victorian times just as we all are the 
product of the times in which we live. 

Boats and railways were the major form of 
transportation. Travel by road with horse 
and carriage was the least popular and 
certainly the most rugged. The combustion 
engine was not introduced until the turn of 
the century. 

The transcontinental railroad was not 
completed until 1885. It created need for 
immigrant settlement and resulting pres- 
sures on urbanization and rural developm- 
ent. Government subsidies for private 
industries to build expensive railways gave 
certain people the opportunity to get rich 
quickly, profiteer in land, engage in 
political corruption and obtain special 
privileges. The telephone was in use by 
1882. 



J. R. ROBERTSON Page 9 



Challenges to Canadian Independence from 
the United States were present. British 
treatment of the Colonies was the basis for 
the formation of the new Dominion in 1867. 
Debates on tariffs and free trade seemed 
endless. 

Loyalty to Britain was fierce. Arguments 
for one flag, one language and one school 
were balanced against the demands of Quebec 
for their own language, culture and laws. 
It was not unusual for Orangemen and 
Catholics to fight in the streets with 
riots sometimes causing death. 

There were wars and rebellions. Economic 
depressions and boom times could not be 
managed. Income Tax was not introduced 
until 1917. Epidemics were frequent. 
Social Service and Income Maintenance were 
a family responsibility, and hence there 
was extreme poverty for many. 

Toronto was known as the city of churches. 
You could be arrested for playing games on 
Sunday. 

It was within this setting that J. Ross 
Robertson, lived, fought the issues of the 
day through his press, carried out his 
philanthropic work and promoted the cause 
of freemasonry. 

HIS LIFE 

J.R.R.'s father emigrated to Montreal in 
1832. A year later he moved to York and was 
employed in an importing business. In the 
Rebellion of Upper Canada he served under 
the Queen as a loyal British Subject. He 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 10 



opened his dry goods business and married 
his childhood sweetheart from Scotland. 
Four sons were born of this union. Two 
moved to England in their adult life and 
died there. One worked with his father and 
J.R.R. became a respected and prominent 
citizen of Toronto and the most widely 
known Freemason in Ontario and the world at 
that time. 

Very early in life J.R.R. showed interest 
in old buildings, history and sports which 
were evident from his writings. When atten- 
ding Upper Canada College he started the 
first student newspaper which is still 
published to-day called "The College 
Times". As a school boy he published "Boys 
Times" and "Young Canada". He left Grammar 
School for work in 1860. This began a 
career of journalism, publishing and print- 
ing. 

He worked as a reporter, and published one 
of the first Railroad and Steamship Guides 
in Canada. He worked for the "Leader". He 
published the first sports newspaper, 
"Sporting Life" and the "The Grumbler" 
J.R.R. was also a reporter for the "Globe" 
until he went into partnership and estab- 
lished the "Daily Telegraph", the first 
evening paper in Toronto in 1864. 

J.R.R. married Maria Louisa Gillbee in 
1871 and they had three children. A year 
after he married he became unemployed when 
the Daily Telegram went bankrupt. He went 
to work again for George Brown, owner of 
the Globe, as a London, England reporter. 
He was very unhappy and quit after three 
years service. He returned to Toronto, 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 11 



financially broke, with his wife and first 
son who had been born in England. While he 
was broke at 30, he would be a wealthy man 
before he was 40. 

He went to work for "The Nation" , the 
owner of which was Goldwin Smith, a wealthy 
business man, who lived at the Grange in 
Toronto. In this capacity he was assigned 
the job of covering the Louis Rebellion and 
as a result became one of the prisoners but 
was released unhurt. 

With a loan of $10,000 from his boss, he 
started publishing "The Evening Telegram" 
which, with classified advertising on the 
front page, was a successful financial 
adventure from the first issue on April 18, 
1876. 

The Evening Telegram, according to J.R.R. 
was to be a newspaper for the "masses". In 
his own words, it was a "newspaper not an 
organ" and there was "no patron but the 
public". The purpose of a newspaper was "to 
comment with judicial impartiality upon the 
leading questions and events of the day" , 
to vigorously uphold what it knows to be 
for the public good; and to denounce what 
it knows to be the reverse. . . a journal 
which is merely an organ of a party or a 
clique is subject to no such conditions as 
those we have specified." (1) 



1. "The paper tyrant" by Ron Poulton. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 12 



His financial success was not all due to 
the Telegram. He began publishing 'Robert- 
sons Library Series 1 in which were printed 
about 2,000,000 cheap paperback books for 
which the American authors never received 
any royalties. This was clearly an attempt 
to get into the book publishing business. 
The pirate publishing operated for nearly 
two decades taking advantage of the loop- 
holes in the Imperial Copywrite Act of 
England 1842. To achieve his goals he did 
what was legal but some would say not 
moral. However, it was J.R.R. who finally 
forced the Canadian Parliament to clarify 
copywrite laws, thereby ending the piracy. 
This was when he served as a member of 
Parliament in 1896 - 1900 and was president 
of the Copywrite Association. 

Within a short period of three years of 
starting the Telegram J.R.R. was able to 
build a new head office on the Southwest 
corner of King and Bay, modernize his 
printing equipment to print up to 10,800 
newspapers per hour, moved into an office 
"unmatched on the continent" and build a 
new mansion home at 291 Sherbourne. He 
would stay in this home until his death 
even though the area deteriorated and his 
neighbours moved north to the more fashion- 
able suburbs. This home is now a shelter 
for battered women and its appearance is 
basically the same. In 1972 the Ontario 
Ministry of Culture placed an historical 
plaque on the property. I believe that this 
is the only provincial government plaque 
which mentions Freemasons. It reads as 
follows: 



J. R. ROBERTSON Page 13 



"John Ross Robertson 1841 - 1918 - Pub- 
lisher and philanthropist, John Ross 
Robertson lived in this house 1881 - 1918. 
He was born in Toronto and while at Upper 
Canada College he started the College 
Times, the first school newspaper in 
Canada. He became city editor of the Globe 
in 1865 and the following year with James 
B. Cook established The Daily Telegraph, 
published until 1872. Four years later 
Robertson founded The Evening Telegram 
which quickly became one of Toronto's 
leading newspapers. Financial success 
enabled him to make contributions to the 
building and operation of the Hospital for 
Sick Children and to gratify his life long 
interest in history. He assembled an inval- 
uable historical and pictorial collection 
and published such notable works as "Land- 
marks of Toronto" and "History of Free- 
masonry in Canada". 

By way of comment — I am hopeful that 
Heritage Lodge will someday assume a role 
to place plaques for our Masonic Heritage 
places, events and persons. This remains a 
void in our activities and if the govern- 
ment historical agencies do not want to 
recognize Freemasonry, then we should. 

His eminence as a publisher was firmly 
established and his financial status was 
now secure but tragedy would soon hit and 
it is from this point that his life and 
activities change drastically. 

About the time of his move to his new home 
on Sherbourne Street his daughter and niece 
died of Diphtheria on the same day and both 



J. ft ROBERTSON Page 14 



were buried at the family plot in the 
Necropolis cemetery in the same funeral. 

The death of the two girls was to have a 
profound effect on J.R.R. Numerous people 
say that this accounts for his motivation 
and drive in his work and philanthropy with 
the Hospital for Sick Children (H.S.C.) 

It was five years after the death of his 
daughter when J.R.R. was on one of his 4 
trips overseas (By way of interest, I 
estimate that he would have spent almost 2 
years of his life on board ocean liners) 
that he received a telegram from his wife 
saying good-bye to him. She died from 
appendicitis in Montreal while on her way 
to meet her husband in England. 

A year later he married Jessie Holland in 
1887. She was a widow who lived next door 
and took an interest in him. His biographer 
said that "his first marriage was founded 
on love and the second on respect and 
loneliness" (2) . She fell into a ready made 
family with two young boys aged 14 and 5 to 
care for. In his will, J.R.R. named her as 
a principle trustee to run the Telegram. 
This was unusual considering his chauvin- 
istic ideas coupled with the fact that she 
had limited education. She lived until 
1947, the Telegram was sold and as she was 
the last surviving heir the residue of the 
estate was turned over to the H.S.C. The 
Telegram ceased operating completely in 
1971. 



2. Ibid 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 15 



It is said that J.R.R. was somewhat disap- 
pointed in his two sons. His oldest son, 
the "dissolute and charming" Cully, out- 
lived his father by only 2 3 days. Before 
J.R.R. died he knew his son would not live 
long but his father's legacy to him was a 
generous $20,000 per year. It is interest- 
ing to note that J.R.R. did not like nick- 
names yet his eldest son Adam Sinclair was 
known primarily by his nickname "Cully". 

Irving, his youngest son was a "disappoin- 
ting scholar with a self defeating bent for 
pleasure" (3). He worked for the Telegram 
but did not have the capacity to perform 
higher than the office manager. He died in 
1932. 

J.R.R. f s inability to show affection seems 
to be reflected through his children. His 
constant travelling, his business interests 
and involvement with many organizations 
obviously gave him little time to be with 
his children. They never achieved any 
degree of prominence in life, or contrib- 
uted significantly to community life or 
followed in their father f s footsteps as 
prominent Freemasons. 

J.R.R. was buried in the Necropolis over- 
looking the Don Valley where he fished, 
hunted, and played as a child. All the 
markings for his whole family are on his 
tombstone even his brothers who were buried 
in England. He directed that "his funeral 
be strictly private, absolutely plain, 
simple and inexpensive. Even its time was 
not to be mentioned. A Masonic Memorial 



3. Ibid 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 16 



Service was held at 888 Yonge Street after 
his burial. 

I will now end the stories about his 
personal life because there are too many 
others to mention in this paper. Adversity 
often leads to human greatness. Certainly 
from the death of his wife and second 
marriage he assumed only a managerial role 
in the Telegram.* His editor, John R. Robin- 
son (nicknamed Black Jack) was well trusted 
but still nothing happened in the newspaper 
office without J.R.R. knowing about it. His 
office was used for all the meetings on his 
private interests. He would explain that 
one end of his desk was for hockey and the 
other for the H.S.C, and this would beg the 
question; what about his work with the 
Telegram. And he replied that it was done 
on the underside of his desk. 

HIS PERSONALITY 

His biographer asks "when all was said and 
done who really knew J.R.R. ". He was an 
enigma, a conundrum. He was "steeped in 
contradictions". His denominational ties 
were not tight because he attended the 
church that gave the most interesting 
lessons. He was a "pinchpenny" and a "phil- 
anthropist". He was an "opportunist". 
There was "no greys" in his life. He did 
his perverse best to "discourage affect- 
ion". He never bothered to "mask his mood". 
He was "endlessly busy, restless, and 
preoccupied". He was a "dreamer and acti- 
vist but insensitive to art". 

He was a "compulsive collector". He was a 
"renegade to his own class". He "terrorized 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 17 



the pompous and befriended his servants". 
He always went after small mercies for 
other persons while seeking no mercy him- 
self". 

The sheer "love of conflict in him was 
powered by a joy that can only be known to 
men who expect to win". He was destined for 
"trouble and triumph and collision with him 
was inevitable and monumental". He treas- 
ured the old while he pushed for the city 
to grow because progress was essential. He 
was "dynamic and unpredictable". His "good 
fortune that attended his efforts was the 
earning of his energy, enthusiasm and 
experience, reinforced by a persistence and 
resource that would admit no failure". 
Offices and honour "were offered him, many 
of which he did not accept". He welcomed 
responsibilities when he felt he could be 
of real service". (4) 

There is no doubt that he was a great man 
and mason. Unlike most great men who have 
a singular drive for one purpose, J.R.R. 
had numerous objectives. 

FRATERNAL ASSOCIATIONS 

1. LOYAL ORANGE LODGE (L.O.L.) 

J.R.R. entered the Loyal Orange Lodge of 
Temperance #301 in 1861, and transferred to 
Brunswick #404 where he was Corresponding 
Secretary for many years. He joined the 
Royal Black Perceptory #96 in 1864. He had 
many childhood memories of their parades. 
It is said he had a "zest for parades and 



4. Ibid 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 18 



regalia". This was probably only true for 
parades because he apparently marched in 45 
July 12 parades. But there are very few 
pictures of him in Masonic regalia. It is a 
credit to John Ross Robertson Lodge that 
they had a portrait painted of him with 
full regalia to commemorate the 125th 
Anniversary of Grand Lodge in 1980. 

The recent history on the Orange Order has 
few references to J.R.R. and although he 
assumed no high office, it is my opinion 
that J.R.R. was one of their key strate- 
gists. He would make this his contribution 
to the Orange Order. He certainly was not 
attracted to their religious fixation. 

In 1942 the L.O.L. presented an illus- 
trated scroll to the Telegram for their 
support of the World War II effort. In 
accepting this his nephew Douglas S. 
Robertson said "J.R.R. was never lukewarm 
to any of his manifold interests" (5) . The 
cause of the Orange Order was no exception. 
He went into it with all his might and 
enthusiasm. 

2 . FREEMASONRY 

J.R.R. was elected to the most senior 
office in the Craft and three concordent 
bodies of Freemasonry. From my research on 
J.R.R. I have come to appreciate his great 
love of the Craft, his duty to the Craft, 
and his emphasis on responsible leadership 
in the Craft. 



5. The Telegram, May 23, 1942. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 19 



I am indebted to the late Bros. John E. 
Taylor and P.G. Hills for the details of 
his Masonic affiliations. The wide spread 
displacement of Masonic records make it 
virtually impossible to verify dates, 
membership and offices held. It also was 
characteristic of him to play down his 
personal details and involvement in all his 
activities. As an example, in his 'Robert- 
sons Landmarks", he lists the baptism of 
his brothers and sister, but does not give 
his own. 

I agree with his biographer, when he 
states that J.R.R. believed that "member- 
ship was nothing without office". His 
writings are full of the sensitive manner 
in which he treated leadership and thought 
about leadership. J.R.R. said "Never take 
office, the duties of which you cannot 
discharge" and "It is pleasant and agree- 
able. . . (to) return home clothed with impos- 
ing regalia which is the emblem of author- 
ity but to accept office is not in accord- 
ance with the morality of Masonry." and 
"The simple consciousness of faithfulness 
in office is prized by me more than any 
external testimony" (6) . 

We all know of his D.D.G.M. reports which 
were often critical of lodges with poor 
leadership. Few would have the courage or 
conviction to report in his style to-day. 
His frustration and intolerance for the 
lack of conviction about a high standard of 
leadership is expressed eloquently in the 
following. "It is just possible that I take 



5. The Telegram, May 23, 1942. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 20 



Masonic life too seriously, but I feel as 
one who has a deep interest in the work 
that unless Grand Chapter is more rigid in 
its requirements from those selected for 
office it is a waste of time for a Grand Z 
to travel miles to kindle fires out of 
embers that have almost ceased to smoulder 
and view ruins which human skill cannot 
rebuild" (7). 

It was his practice as a Grand Master in 
any fraternal body to visit all their 
chapters and lodges throughout Ontario. I 
hesitate to try to estimate the numbers 
visited and miles travelled. One story 
illustrates his determination. Because of 
severe weather he was pulled across Rice 
Lake on a sleigh so that he could attend a 
lodge meeting. 

His reasons for meeting with masons in 
their local communities relates primarily 
to his type of leadership and his love for 
the Craft. It is expressed by him in an 
address to the Scottish Rite which is 
quoted from his 'Talks with Craftsmen 1 . 

"I have not been exactly in pursuit of 
pleasure, and yet I do not feel my jour- 
neyings either as a hardship or even an 
irksome obligation. Rightly or wrongly I 
consider it as not only a duty but a 
privilege to go abroad amongst the lodges, 
so that I might be able to speak with 
authority that alone can come from per- 
sonal acquaintance with the Craft in their 
homes in their own lodge rooms", and "...I 
do not look upon the office of Grand 



6. "Talks with Craftsmen". 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 21 



Master as one of cold and icy dignity. My 
brethren of this Rite, there is no dignity 
either in Masonry or in any walk of life 
but the dignity of usefulness and the 
virtues of Masonry are not to be found in 
its majestic creeds, but in the deeds 
which are the ripened fruit of the eternal 
principles upon which the institution is 
founded. If 

His offices in the Craft were as follows: 

FREEMASONRY 

Initiated Passed and Raised - King Solomon's #22 G.R.C. 1867 

W. Master- Mimico #369 G.R.C. " 1880 

Grand Steward 1880 

W. Master- King Solomon #22 1881 

Other Lodge Memberships: 

Niagara #2 G.R.C, St. Andrews #16 G.R.C, Zetland #326 G.R.C, 
Mimico #369 G.R.C, Zeta #410 G.R.C, Alpha #384 G.R.C, Honourary 
Member of Chapel Lodge #1. and member of Fortrose Lodge #108, 
S.C, Corresponding member of Quator Lodge #2076 U. G. of E. and 
elected full member. 

Committee on Condition of Masonry 1882 

Grand Senior Warden 1882 

D.D.G.M. 11 District Toronto 1886 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada 1890/91 

Representative for Grand Lodge of England 1891 

Grand Historian 1902 

Honourary Past Grand Junior Warden U. G. of E. 1902 

ROYAL ARCH MASONS OF ONTARIO 

First Principal of King Solomon's Chapter #8 

Grand Superintendent of Toronto 1881 

Grand Z 1905\06 

Representative for Grand Chapter of New York 1905 

Member of Executive Committee and Chairman of the 

Condition of Capitular Masonry. 



7. Grand Chapter of Canada Proceedings, 
1895 pp 25-26. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 22 



KNIGHTS TEMPLARS OF CANADA 

Odo St. Amond Perceptory #17 1876 

Provincial Grand Prior 1882 

Grand Pursuivant of Sovereign Grand Priory of Canada 1883 

Chairman of the Committee on the Conditions of the Order 
of the Temple in the Sovereign Great Priory of Canada 

CRYPTIC RfTE 

Adoniram Council #2 Royal and Select Masters 1875 

Thrice Illustrious Master 1876 

Grand Steward 1876 

Treasurer 1879/80 

Grand Lecturer 1881 

Grand Master 1882/85 

Grand Recorder 1986/87 

SCOTTISH RfTE 

Honourary Inspector General 33 °Deg 1903 



HONOURS 

SPORTS 

J.R.R. was inducted into the Interna- 
tional Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947 for his 
contribution in building the Ontario Hockey 
Association (OHA) . The OHA began in 1890 
and he was the sixth president and held the 
position for six years 1899 - 1906. In 1907 
the OHA passed the following resolution. 
"That in view of the invaluable service to 
the association and the game of hockey by 
Mr. J. Ross Robertson he be elected a life 
member of the association and the executi- 
ve." His biographer says that J.R.R. 
travelled with the Toronto Team, which he 
founded and called the Simcoes, muffled in 
a fur lined coat to watch most of their 
games. He arranged for scores to be trans- 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 23 



mitted to home bound fans by blasts from 
the whistle of the Toronto Street Railway 
Co. f s Steam generating plant. Doleful toots 
denoted defeats. 

His posthumous induction award into 
the International Hockey Hall of Fame read 
as follows: 

"Though never a player, Robertson 
looked upon hockey as the sport that 
most typified Canada and Canadian 
youth. For this reason, he became 
actively involved in the sport and in 
1898 he began a six-year term as pres- 
ident of the OHA. The same year, he 
donated three trophies for annual 
competition, designating one each to 
be awarded the champions of senior, 
intermediate and junior divisions. 
Supporting his benevolence, in his 
first speech to the OHA, Robertson 
stated: "A manly nation is always fond 
of manly sports. We want our boys to 
be strong, vigorous and self-reliant 
and must encourage athletics. Sport 
should be pursued for its own sake" 
(8). 

He donated three cups for Hockey 
Competition. These were for Senior, Inter- 
mediate, and Junior competition. They were 
made by eminent British Silversmiths from 
special patterns. They are still presented 
to-day. The Allan Cup series has the senior 
and intermediate awards but has not been 



8. International Hockey Hall of Fame, 
Kingston, 1947. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 24 



presented for two years because it appears 
that the cost of hockey is discouraging the 
formation of teams. The Junior Cup in 
Double A Series was won by Peterborough 
last year. 

SENATORSHIP AND KNIGHTHOOD 

In early 1917 Prime Minister Borden 
offered him an appointment to the Senate of 
Canada and a knighthood for which he pol- 
itely refused. Borden said he was the only 
man in Canada who ever declined a 
senatorship and a knighthood on the same 
day. This was so unusual that the press had 
a field day on the subject, and the Cana- 
dian Press eventually printed a pamphlet 
quoting all the newspaper comment. J.R.R. 
Claimed that a "newspaperman must be free, 
never accept favours, say what he thought, 
be independent and fear no one. If he 
accepted the appointments it is obvious 
that he believed he would sacrifice his 
integrity. 

JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON PUBLIC SCHOOL 

Immediately following his death, the 
Toronto Board of Education decided to name 
a school after him. The Board Minutes of 
July 13, 1918 read: 

"Board decided that one of the new 
schools to be built in the northern 
section of the city be named John Ross 
Robertson School in loving respect to 
perpetuate the memory of late J.R.R. 
(p.p. 163-164 Toronto Board of Educa- 
tion) " 



J.R. ROBERTSON Page 25 



Each year until about 1942 the 
children of the School were taken to his 
grave where a memorial service was held. As 
long as the school bears his name he will 
be remembered in the minds of children as 
they celebrate successive anniversaries. I 
think this would have pleased J.R.R. very 
much. 

This is not masonry but it is the 
community honouring a man who was a mason. 
Few masons are continuously remembered by 
children or even adults as J.R.R. is in 
this school. 

JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON LODGES 

Fraternal organizations would also 
enshrine his name following his death. The 
Loyal Orange Order Lodge had John Ross 
Robertson L.O.L. 2971 and the Grand Lodge 
of Canada of Ancient Free and Accepted 
Mason has John Ross Lodge #545. 

HIS LEGACY 



HOSPITAL FOR SICK CHILDREN (H.S.C.) 

In 1875 Toronto was a very unhealthy 
city in which to live. There was poverty 
and overcrowding. Garbage rotted in the 
streets. People kept horses, cows, pigs and 
chickens on their city lots. Water was not 
purified. Milk was not pasteurized and 
millions of flies infested the barns, 
outhouses and kitchens. (The population of 
Toronto was 68,000 and Bloor Street was the 
northern border of the city.) 



J.R. ROBERTSON Page 26 



There were few hospitals for children 
in the world. It was the thinking at the 
time that children could be best cared for 
at home with their mothers. When Mrs. 
Elizabeth McMaster opened a hospital in a 
small house on a street close to the pres- 
ent H.S.C. with cots for children, there 
was no rush to fill them due to this attit- 
ude. 

Masonic writers frequently attribute 
J.R.R. as the founder of the Hospital but 
he was not. His name is first mentioned in 
188 3 in the minutes of the Ladies Committ- 
ee. 

Mrs. McMaster was very aggressive and 
had tremendous drive. She learned very 
early that the children's hospital service 
had to be publicized and public appeals for 
money were essential. Donors paid for cots 
which meant being responsible for a child's 
maintenance for a year. Prayer was lib- 
erally used for the treatment of children 
and for solutions for paying the accumu- 
lated debts and maintenance problems. 

J.R.R. f s wife was a volunteer at the 
hospital and she prevailed upon him after 
the death of their daughter to assist them 
with his business experience. 

He immersed himself in this philan- 
thropic endeavour probably believing that 
if there had been better treatment, his 
daughter could have survived. He would give 
many things to the city, including paint- 
ings and even an ambulance imported from 
England (1888) , but his greatest monument 
left to the community is the H.S.C. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 27 



During his 35 year involvement in every 
phase of hospital administration he donated 
at least $500,000 to the hospital. 

The residue of his estate, nearly 10 
million dollars, went to the hospital in 
1954, the revenue from which can only be 
used for hospital maintenance. This per- 
petual benefit to date has probably real- 
ized about 15 million dollars. 

His first donation in 1883 was the 
Lakeside Childrens Home built near Hanlans 
Point on the Toronto Islands. Fresh air was 
believed to be an effective means of treat- 
ment. The convalescent hospital on the 
island was to be a place "where the little 
ones so long prisoners of their rooms and 
beds could lie on a broad veranda breathing 
the delightful breezes of the lake, watch- 
ing the boats go by while we watched the 
long vanished roses returning to their 
cheeks". . . (9) . This form of treatment was 
abandoned about 192 8 and from my estimate, 
J.R.R. donated five such facilities. 

He described the condition of his gift 
in 1883 as follows: "Admission to the 
Hospital for Sick Children on Elizabeth 
Street as well as the Convalescent Home on 
the Island should be forever open to the 
children of masons belonging to the Grand 
Lodge of Canada, that the name of the donor 
should not be made public, that the dona- 
tion should be known as a gift from a 
Master Mason, that the city corporation 



9. Annual Report of the Hospital for Sick 
Children, 1984. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 28 



should grant a site for the building on the 
Island". 

J.R.R. did involve all masons for the 
benefit of free treatment for their 
children. The 1893 annual report listed the 
Lodges and the money they gave which 
amounted to $980.00. The 'Masonic Sun 1 in 
1897 reported the hospital had a ward 
called the "Masonic Ward" with seven cots 
paid for by Masonic groups and individuals. 
One was called the Grand Lodge of Canada 
Cot. 

When the building on College Street 
was being built, J.R.R. suggested that M.W. 
Bro. R. W. Walkam of Kingston, Grand Master 
of Ontario lay the cornerstone. The Ladies 
Committee did not agree and on September 6, 
1889 the mayor did the job. Sir John A. 
McDonald presided over the proceedings. 
J.R.R. did not attend. 

The building was officially opened May 
6, 1892. The architects were Darling & 
Curry. Although J.R.R. had already donated 
a memorial stained glass window in honour 
of his wife and daughter, he built a Nurses 
Residence in 1907 as another memorial to 
them. He also introduced the first pas- 
teurized milk processing unit in 1907 for 
use by the hospital and the community. 

Having served on the board since 1885 
he was appointed chairman of the trustees 
in 1891; needless to say, the authority of 
the Ladies Committee would be curtailed. He 
served as chairman until his death. His 
last cheque in the amount of $111,000 was 



J.R. ROBERTSON Page 29 



issued a week before he died to make the 
hospital debt free. 

The H.S.C. is no longer a significant 
charity of the Masons of Ontario who 
donated to it for many years as recorded in 
the Annual Reports of the H.S.C. He started 
it for us but we did not follow through. 
The reasons could be the subject of another 
paper in itself. I suspect, though, that 
there was no J.R.R. around to remind the 
masons of their charitable responsibility. 
I believe that no story on J.R.R. is com- 
plete without inclusion of his tremendous 
masonic charitable work for the H.S.C. 

JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON HISTORICAL COLLECTION 

I find it most interesting, that for 
all the time J.R.R. spent in Museums, 
Libraries and Archives in England, Europe 
and United States, he disapproved so 
adamantly of a newspaper library in his own 
business. A library was not in operation in 
the Telegram until after his death. At the 
dissolution of the Telegram the clippings 
went to the Toronto Sun and the pictures to 
York University. 

He knew better than anyone else what 
the function, operation, and management of 
a library should be. We learn about this 
from his negotiation with the Toronto 
Public Library on the subject of his dona- 
tions to them from 1910 until his death. 

His collection consisted of lithog- 
raphs, photographs, engravings, paintings, 
sketches of scenes, pictures of people, 
events, books, manuscripts, letters, 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 30 



diaries etc. He wanted a new building to 
house the collection and the Library was 
hoping that he would pay for it. He had 
written and printed a 565 page index and 
guide to the collection. The significance 
of this collection is realized when prob- 
ably no historical book on Canada can be 
written without reference to the Historical 
Collection. There seems to be no doubt that 
the Toronto Public Library is proud of the 
collection and has done incredibly well in 
maintaining J.R.R.'s conditions on the 
gift. 

In 1910, from correspondence and 
referring to his gift he said "the condi- 
tion I make is that the pictures be placed 
on exhibition in a room or rooms satisfac- 
tory to me — they be cared for — covered 
by insurance, catalogued and not for any 
reason whatever be lent to any person or 
persons or removed from the library — and 
the collection be known as the J.Ross 
Robertson Collection 11 (10) . At first he 
gave 558 paintings and at the official 
opening of the collection on January 29, 
1912, J.R.R. said, "It has been a labour of 
love to gather up the fragments of pioneer 
history in the form of pictures that in 
point of time cover the period from the day 
the flag of Britain first waved over the 
ancient capital of Quebec to the days of 
about 30 years ago. In point of distance, 
these pictures illustrate the growth of 
communities from Newfoundland in the east 
to Vancouver in the west. I have had a 



10. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1910. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 31 



great deal of pleasure in accumulating 
these treasures that recall the early 
victories of our soldiers and the triumphs 
of our pioneers. I have still greater 
pleasure in parting with this collection, 
in putting it where it will do the most 
good in teaching the young and rising 
generation to recall the days of Old (11) . 
By 1914 he had given 1900 pictures. The 
total donations is upwards of 5,000. 3600 
people had visited the public display in 
1913. 

By 1916 he wanted to give his maps 
with these conditions. 

"Proper cases should be provided with 
Lock & Key. 

No maps or plans be loaned. 
Inspections of these by applicants 
should be made in the presence of an 
official . 

If sketches or tracings are done, they 
should be done in a room where the 
cases are in the presence of an offic- 
ial." 

The board committed itself to all his 
conditions. They remain in effect to-day. 
The collection is in the Baldwin Room and a 
Librarian is present. 

MASONIC HISTORICAL LIBRARY COLLECTION 

The estimates of his masonic books 
range from 1,000 to 3,000. There is no 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 32 



information available to me that he negoti- 
ated giving his collection to the Toronto 
Public Library before his death as he did 
with the historical collection. There was 
no catalogue made of the masonic collect- 
ion. His will was very specific in that he 
wanted the collection to be held for refer- 
ence only. It reads as follows: 

"All my Masonic library, which com- 
prises about one thousand volumes and 
manuscripts, to be placed in a section 
of the Reference Department of the 
said Library, with the Masonic volumes 
given some years ago to the Toronto 
Public Library Board by the Masonic 
Hall Board of Trustees of the Temple 
Building, the same to be catalogued 
and the catalogue to be printed within 
one year from the date of the delivery 
thereof to the Public Library, and if 
the said catalogue shall not be made 
and printed within the said year I 
bequeath the said Masonic Library to 
the Secretary of the Grand Lodge of 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of 
Canada for the use of the Craft." 

The one year deadline gave the Library 
an ideal opportunity to refuse the collec- 
tion because of their already cramped 
facilities. The minutes of the Library 
Board Finance Committee dated October 7, 
1919 read as follows: 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 33 



"One year has now passed. We have not 
got all the books yet, and therefore 
could not have made out the catalogue 
in its entirety. On the other hand, 
since the Masonic Order has a new 
large Temple in Toronto, and to it 
naturally would go members of the 
Craft who wish for historical informa- 
tion it seemed to me as Chief Librar- 
ian of the Public Library that it 
would be wiser for us to hand over to 
the Masonic Order our rights in these 
books. We have a fairly large collec- 
tion of books on Masonry in the 
Library at the present time for which 
there is practically no demand. It is 
altogether likely that at the Temple 
people would be much more interested 
in these books. I have had discussion 
with Mr. Chadwick on the matter and he 
seems to think that this is a reason- 
able way of looking at it. I would 
like, however, to have authorization 
from the Public Library Board to the 
effect that the Chief Librarian could 
take this matter up with Mr. Chadwick 
and Mr. Malone as representing the 
Masonic Order. 1 ' 

The result of this, of course was the 
motion of October 15, 1919 in the same 
committee which reads as follows: 

"Moved by Sir Glenholme Falconbridge, 

Seconded by Mr. Lee, and 

Resolved, That the Masonic Library 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 34 



mentioned in the will of the late John 
Ross Robertson be handed over to the 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Free and Accepted Masons of Ontario 
for the use of the Craft." 

Fourteen years had passed before the 
Masons of Ontario realized what they had 
indirectly inherited from the John Ross 
Robertson Estate, at which time a decision 
was made to start a circulating library and 
N.W.S. Haydon was appointed the first 
librarian. 

Comments in the Grand Lodge Proceed- 
ings of 1934 indicate that John Ross 
Robertson preferred a reference library for 
research purposes and would have adamantly 
opposed a circulation policy. However, even 
though John Ross Robertson books were never 
put on the circulation list, a large number 
were lost over the years. 

The Toronto Public Library, on the 
other hand, has rigidly maintain the refer- 
ence aspect of their historical collection 
and all the circulars, pamphlets and papers 
which were given to them by John Ross 
Robertson are well preserved. 

In recent years the major portion of 
the Grand Lodge Library has been moved from 
Toronto to Hamilton. About 600 books are in 
Hamilton and the books purchased or donated 
when the Grand Lodge library was at 888 
Yonge Street remain in Toronto. The library 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 35 



in Toronto is still operated by volunteers 
with little or no librarian skills. It is 
not open in the summer and the budget is 
small. The manuscripts are in desperate 
need of preservation. They are not handled 
with proper procedure for the preservation 
of rare books and manuscripts. 

Again, we in Heritage Lodge have a 
responsibility to know where we want to go 
in establishing a library. At least this 
should include a good strong Grand Lodge 
Library with minimal professional standards 
and a budget large enough to renew the 
collection. 

Brethren, this lodge exists to be 
concerned with these issues. Let us try to 
preserve what little we have left of 
J.R.R.'s Masonic Historical Collection. We 
have to be tolerant of low utilization 
rates by Masons; this is a characteristic 
of all masonic libraries. 

HISTORICAL PUBLICATIONS 

I believe that J.R.R. was an authentic 
historian. He researched and presented his 
findings. Like all historians, his analysis 
of conclusions may not always be conclusive 
or easily understood in relation to his 
findings. 

In John Hamill f s article on 'Masonic 
History and Historians 1 in volume 99 of the 
Quator Coronati Lodge 2076 proceedings, he 

11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 36 



mentions that the founders of the lodge 
coined the phrase "authentic or scientific" 
school. J.R.R. was definitely a member of 
this school because of his association with 
the early masonic historians who were 
founders of the lodge. He was most cer- 
tainly not in the non authentic school of 
"esoteric, the mystical, the symbolist and 
the romantic" which are the other cate- 
gories Hamill mentions. 

Probably the most significant indica- 
tion of the value and importance of his 
historical contribution is that the Royal 
Society of Canada founded in 1882, made 
J.R.R. a Fellow of their Society in 1914 
for his writing and literary skills con- 
tained in his 'Diary of Mrs. Simcoe 1 and 
f Robertons f s Landmarks of Toronto 1 (six 
volumes) . 

The following is a list of some of his 
Masonic publications and pamphlets which I 
have been able to locate: 

1. Symbolism 

2. Three Lectures on Symbolism 

3. Lectures on Symbolism - Mark Master 

The above three have no date or pub- 
lisher and are in the possession of Bro. 
Norman Gordon. 

4 . Address on Voting at Grand Lodge given 
to Past Masters Association of the 
Toronto District in the Temple Buildi- 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 37 



ng, November 28, 1908. In the pos- 
session of the U.G.L. of E Library. 
5. By-Laws and History of King Solomon's 
Lodge A.F. A.M. #22 GRC, Toronto, Ont, 
1896, M.W.Bro. David Spry 1845-1867, 
M.W. Bro . J. Ross Robertson 1868-96. 

MASONIC BOOKS 

Robertson, J.Ross, - The History of Free- 
masonry in Canada , The Hunter, Rose Co. 
Ltd., Publishers, Toronto, 1899, Vols. 1 & 
2. 

Robertson, J.Ross, - History of the Cryptic 
Rite, Hunter, Rose & Co., Toronto, 1888. 
Robertson, J.Ross, - The History of The 
Knights Templars of Canada , Hunter, Rose 
Co., Toronto, 1890. 

Robertson, J.Ross, - Talks with Craftsmen , 
Hunter, Rose & Co., Toronto, 1890. 

The two volumes on Freemasonry in 
Canada is his monument to Freemasonry. Few 
masons to-day realize the value of this 
book to our Grand Lodge and Canadian Free- 
masons. Two pamphlets on John Ross 
Robertson written by Bro. Morang of George 
N. Morang Ltd. dated 1901 are of consider- 
able interest to understanding the back- 
ground of the two volume history on Free- 
masonry in Canada. 

The pamphlets were published to market 
Volume I and II of J.R.R.'s History of 
Freemasonry in Canada. It would appear from 
this that the sale of the 2000 volumes was 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 38 



not an immediate success. The pamphlets 
"Hunting for Manuscripts" and "Hunting for 
Pictures" are verbatim interviews of 
J.R.R.'s diligent and thorough search with 
anecdotes on his research experiences. By 
his own estimate, he says it took 16 years, 
but adds "truth not time was the essence of 
the contract. I wanted facts, all capable 
of proof by documentary evidence - not 
filmy tradition, and therefore the time 
occupied would run into years." Other 
observations are that he travelled 22,000 
miles and spent about $18,000 (Masonic Sun 
1897) . Three quarters of the 500 engravings 
in the two volumes are from original docu- 
ments and he read over 33,000 pages of 
Masonic Manuscripts to publish 2175 pages. 
Hard cover copies sold at $6.50 per set and 
soft cover sold for $4.50. At these prices 
J.R.R. certainly did not recover his orig- 
inal investment. 

He admits to having 10,000 Canadian 
pictures and portraits of which about 2,000 
are connected with freemasonry. A review of 
the Grand Lodge Library collection indi- 
cates that we have about 2 00 pictures in 
Scrapbooks L & M. In the J.R.R. historical 
collections it is estimated that there are 
another 100 masonic pictures. Scrapbooks D, 
E, F, G, & H are missing from both collect- 
ions. Is it possible that these have been 
lost from our Grand Lodge collection? 

The significance of pictures in his 
historical writings are expressed in his 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 39 



own words, "pictures fix in the memory much 
that might without them pass into oblivio- 



In the advertisement at the back of 
the pamphlets mentioned above is a quote 
from Robert F. Gould, author of the General 
History of Freemasonry, 

"The work is in the highest degree 
satisfactory, nor could the Masonic 
History of England's most important 
colony have been presented in clearer 
or more picturesque form. 

The book is a library in itself, a 
model of diction and arrangement, and 
a striking example of originality and 
power. . . . There is no doubt whatever 
of the position it will occupy for all 
time in the literature of the craft". 

Bro. Wm. James Hugham says in the 
introduction to Volume I of the History of 
Freemasonry in Canada. 

"In the first place, this History has 
no equal of the class either as 
respects its magnitude, its originali- 
ty, its interest and attractiveness, 
its literary skill, or its conspicuous 
success. . . 

I cordially bear my testimony to the 
accuracy of Bro. Robertson's able and 
concise digest of the early history of 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 40 



the Craft, and feel assured it will be 
much appreciated by brethren in 
Canada, who consult the first Volume 
for Masonic information beyond the 
confines of their own Grand Lodge, and 
so by others in the several Provinces 
of that widespread and prosperous 
Dominion. . . . 

There is not another such Treatise 
that so concisely explains all the 
Geographical or Territorial character- 
istics of British North America in 
relation to the origin and spread of 
the Fraternity, and from a numis- 
matical standpoint the third Chapter 
is of considerable utility: all the 
mysteries of Colonial Currency being 
clearly described and explained by a 
master-hand. Heraldry has also been 
ably treated from a Masonic point of 
view, the numerous explanations and 
illustrations relating thereto adding 
much to the instructive and useful 
character of the Work" . 

It is not my intention to comment on 
the histories of the Knights Templar and 
the Cryptic Rite because reviews of these 
are equal to the History of Freemasonry in 
Canada. "Talks with Craftsmen (1890)" was 
published with a view to raising funds for 
the Hospital for Sick Children. It cost 
$2.00 and there may have been two editions. 
The book contains copies of his own writ- 
ings and speeches or excerpts from both. 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 41 



He called them "unpretentious jottings". 
He wanted the book to be an inspiration to 
Masons who purchased it. The following is 
an example of his sentiments. 

"Thoughts like seeds of golden grain, 
have germs of life within. May I, 
therefore, hope that what I have 
pencilled in moments of leisure 
snatched from the crowded hours of an 
active business life, will be appreci- 
ated by all who possess love for Craft 
work, who desire to see it prosper, 
and who never falter in the honest 
effort to keep our brotherhood pure 
free from those who enter our fold for 
revenue only, our primal object being 
to live our life out on the lines laid 
down at the altar, and avoid the dan- 
gers that await the Craft as it prog- 
resses on a pathway that leads ever 
onward and upward." 

In these publications we have heritage 
worth preserving. 

Fred Branscombe, Malcolm Montgomery 
and Balfour Le Gresley have proposed this 
year that the Lodge should begin a project 
to republish his histories. While the 
practicality of this has not been explored 
or accepted as a Lodge priority, I think it 
should be considered. 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 42 



KING SOLOMON'S PLOT 

A 1940 pamphlet by the Masonic Board 
of Relief describes the story of this 
monument which is in the Mount Pleasant 
Cemetery, Toronto and is called The King 
Solomon Plot. 

In 1883 J.R.R. purchased the lot and 
the condition of his donation was "that he 
is desirous of providing a burial ground 
for the interment of such poor and indigent 
Masons legally and lawfully admitted mem- 
bers of the order known as A.F. & A.M.'s as 
may die without having provided for their 
interment or whose interment it may be 
desired by the proper representatives of 
the Masonic Order". The Masonic Board of 
Relief, subsequently the Masonic Service 
Guild and in January 1990 will become The 
Masonic Service Guild and Bureau have the 
responsibility of managing this plot for 
Royal Arch, Royal & Select Master, Percep- 
tory of Knights Templar and Ancient and 
Accepted Scottish Rite Masons who may be 
buried there. 

In recent time the Masonic Service 
Guild has held an annual remembrance ser- 
vice at the cemetery plot. This is in my 
opinion one of the more significant heri- 
tage programs but unfortunately it is under 
advertised and not too well attended. 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 43 



The Guild reserves burial spaces here 
for only "poor and indigent Masons for whom 
no provision has been made". 

In the present day the Guild needs to 
look at J.R.R.'s second request, "or whose 
interment it may be desired by the proper 
representatives of the Masonic Order" . 
The last Mason buried there was in 1984. 
There are numerous spaces left for convent- 
ional burial and the modern trend to crema- 
tion makes the plot available for unlimited 
burials. 

Indigent burial is not a popular 
concept to-day. Many fraternal societies 
have changed their policy in this regard. 
Poverty is not as severe now as it was in 
J.R.R.'s times. I believe there are many 
masons who would request burial if the 
Guild trustees would modernize their con- 
cept. It is my opinion that there is noth- 
ing legally or morally incorrect with such 
a change. 

The King Solomon's Plot did not get a 
Grave Marker until June 24, 1893. Funds 
were raised through the Past Masters Asso- 
ciation of Toronto. The unveiling of the 
monument was another spectacular community 
event. The 1893 proceedings of Grand Lodge 
describes the event: 

The ceremony took place on Saturday, 
June 24th, the festival of St. John 
the Baptist, and was distinguished by 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 44 



probably the largest out-door Craft 
demonstration ever witnessed in 
Toronto. The attire of the brethren 
was a noticeable feature, all being 
garbed in dark clothing, wearing white 
gloves and blue lodge aprons, while 
not a baker's dozen out of nearly 
eight hundred were without the conven- 
tional black silk hat. In rear of the 
procession,- which was piloted by the 
regimental band of the Queen's Own 
Rifles, walked the past and present 
Grand Lodge Officers in full regalia. 
Some four thousand citizens had 
assembled at the cemetery by the time 
the special trains from the city had 
conveyed the brethren to their destin- 
ation, but admirable order was 
observed. 

The monument, which is 28 feet high, 
is a column of polished granite, sur- 
mounted by a globe, on which are 
raised, in gold, the square and comp- 
asses. 

On the pedestal is the inscription: 

"Erected to the dead of the Craft 
by the Freemasons of Toronto" 

The plinth bears the record that the 
plot was presented in 1883 by M.W. 
Bro. Robertson. 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 45 



The demonstration and ceremony were 
carried out with a promptitude and 
final success that invariably charac- 
terize the united action of the Toron- 
to brethren, and that they created a 
favourable impression upon the outer 
world, goes without saying. 

Celebrations of the kind just 
described is the way in which we should 
celebrate a Masonic Heritage event. If it 
is not done properly it is really a non 
event for Masons. 

MASONIC TEMPLE FOR TORONTO 

J.R.R.'s involvement in documenting 
and working for the development of lodge 
buildings was indeed monumental. His his- 
torical interest in documenting through 
visual means the masonic buildings where 
lodges met contributes to our architectural 
heritage in Freemasonry and the community. 
As far back as 1884 a book called 'Toronto 
Past and Present 1 lists John Ross Robertson 
as the President of the Toronto Street Hall 
Masonic Trust and the Victoria Street Hall 
Masonic Trust. We know that he served on 
the Masonic Hall Trust for at least 25 
years and was Chairman for 5 years. 

The Masonic Temple Corporation was 
formed on November 23, 1912. A small lodge 
building with commercial involvement was 
originally proposed to be built on Spadina 
Road. This was about 1910. There was a 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 46 



great deal of interest in a new temple 
because all the lodges were renting unsuit- 
able accommodation. This was especially 
true at the Temple Building on Bay street, 
Gloucester Building on Yonge Street, and 
the Toronto Street, Masonic Building. 
J.R.R. and the masons of the day were 
seeking a single purpose building for 
Freemasonry. A concept which we are now 
seeing as not being too practical. 

The Temple Corporations held a compe- 
tition to construct a modern Masonic Home 
to be built on Spadina Road. The prize 
design was submitted and accepted from H. 
P. Knowles of New York. 

The objective as detailed in a 1914 
prospectus was to obtain a Masonic Home 
dedicated solely to Freemasonry. "When one 
considers the financial and numerical 
strength of the Craft in the City of 
Toronto, the want of a suitable Masonic 
home will be matter of reproach to the 
enterprise of the brethren in the City. 
There is no city in the United States of 
anything like the size and importance of 
the capital city of the Province of Ontario 
which has not a suitable building erected 
for and devoted to the uses of the Masonic 
fraternity, and the opportunity is now 
presented for the brethren of Toronto to be 
equally well accommodated at an early date. 
Our new home, as herein designed, would 
meet not only the immediate needs of the 
Craft at the present time but is designed 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 47 



upon a scale which will amply justify the 
loyalty and enthusiasm of the members of 
the Craft wherever located." 

By 1916 a new group of Directors 
issued another prospectus proposing a third 
building for the present Davenport prope- 
rty, which was a second property owned by 
the Masonic Temple Corporation. A decision 
at a meeting of October 19, 1916 gave up 
the Spadina property and the award winning 
design. This was probably due to the cost 
and the event of the war. According to Ted 
Burton, we really do not know the real 
reason. The Davenport lot had been bought 
by B. Allen and in 1906 transferred to 
Ashlar Lodge #24 6 who were promoting the 
smaller building with commercial involvem- 
ent. 

The Davenport building was very simi- 
lar in plan to the building which won the 
award but was not accepted. J.R.R. was not 
necessarily a principle donator to the new 
Temple but he most certainly gave his 
support to the cause. On his death, the 
Telegram held only 130 shares in the 
Masonic Temple Corporation. 

According to the Telegram, at the 
Corner Laying Ceremony on October 17, 1917, 
J.R.R. showed his devotion to the property 
by saying, "Whatever I have done was done 
because I wanted to see the Craft in a home 
of its own. I want to say that from my 
heart that this is the happiest day of my 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 48 



own Masonic life. . . . The Masons of 
Toronto ceased to be tenants and became 
proprietors. " 

The planning leading up to building 
the largest Masonic Temple in Canada was 
the result of a co-operative effort by the 
Toronto Masons. Today, however, there is a 
debt of 1.2 million dollars on the building 
and a new energetic group is leading us 
into another phase. This building has stood 
as a symbol of the strength of the Masonic 
Order and it must continue to do so regard- 
less of our trials and tribulations. The 
work ahead for us in reducing the debt is 
just another example of fulfilling our 
Masonic heritage. 

J.R.R. died six months after the stone 
laying ceremony. It is said that he died 
for Freemasonry. Judge D.F. Macwatt P.G.M., 
said he had been very sick and he persisted 
in going out at night on the campaign to 
eliminate the $73,000 debt on the Masonic 
Temple at 888 Yonge Street. 

THE CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION 

Every historian loves to celebrate an 
historical anniversary and J.R.R. was no 
exception to this rule. His favourite 
speech to Freemasons was "The History of 
the Craft in this Country during the Past 
Century" . I am sure it had variations 
because it was given so many times. 



11. Letter to the Public Library Board from 
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 49 



In his two volume history of Free- 
masonry in Canada he outlines various 
significant dates: 

Proclamation to divide the Country 
into Upper and Lower Canada - December 
26, 1791 

Proclamation to divide Lower Canada 
into electoral District — July 16, 
1792 and signed by William Jarvis 

William Jarvis appointed Provincial 
Grand Master of Upper Canada — March 
7, 1792 by Athol , Grand Lodge of Engl- 
and. 

As Grand Master in 1891, J.R.R. in 
appointing a Centennial Committee said: 

The incoming year brings with it the 
Centennial of the Craft in this juris- 
diction. One hundred years ago the 
first Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper 
Canada opened in Niagara, Ontario, and 
at the same time the pioneer Craft 
Lodge of this city, "Rawdon, or the 
Lodge between the Lakes, No. 4 08, 
E.R. 11 was at work within sight of this 
Grand East. I propose at this meeting 
appointing the committee ordered by 
Grand Lodge in 1889, to consider how 
this important event may be celebrated 
in a fitting manner (12) . 

In his second year as G.M. he com- 
mented again: 



12. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1891 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 50 



One hundred years ago the first Craft 
Provincial Grand Lodge met at Niagara. 
It was known as the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of Upper Canada, and was war- 
ranted by the Ancient or Athol Grand 
Lodge of England, on the 7th March, 
1792, with R.W. Bro. Wm. Jarvis as 
Provincial Grand Master. Acting on 
the recommendation of Grand Lodge at 
its last annual communication, I have 
appointed a committee to arrange the 
details of the celebration, so that 
the occasion may be appropriately 
observed. This committee will report 
to Grand Lodge at this communication, 
in order that they may be in a posi- 
tion to carry out the proposals made. 
Grand Lodge may feel assured that 
every effort will be made to make the 
commemoration one worthy of the Craft 
in this jurisdiction. 

The Centennial Committee reported and 
the following is a quote from the 1892 
proceedings. 

The Committee on the celebration of 
the Centenary of Freemasonry in Upper 
Canada beg to report that they met in 
accordance with instructions from the 
Grand Master, and decided upon a cel- 
ebration to be held in Toronto on 
October 2nd, 3rd and 4th, and that a 
careful estimate of the expenses shows 
that the sum of at least twelve hun- 
dred dollars would be required to 
carry out this programme in a manner 
befitting the dignity of Grand Lodge. 
They therefore ask Grand Lodge to 
subscribe $1000 to the Guarantee Fund, 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 51 



the unexpended balance, if any, to be 
returned to Grand Lodge. 

It was moved by V.W. Bro. G.S. Ryer- 
son, seconded by R.W. Bro. Wm. Roaf, 
That the Report of the Centennial 
Committee be received and adopted. 
The resolution was put to Grand Lodge, 
and declared lost (13) . 

Undaunted and undoubtedly very hurt 
J.R.R. dug in and with the Past Masters of 
Toronto held a church service to commemor- 
ate the centennial anniversary at the 
Metropolitan United Church on December 18, 
1892 and on Dec. 27, 1892 held a Masonic 
banquet with ladies present. It was clearly 
(in my opinion) a non Grand Lodge event. 
The members wore centennial medals and a 
beautiful souvenir program was issued. 

On the medal the Grand Lodge Crest is 
conspicuously absent. On one side it says 
"Centenary of Freemasonry Canada - Cel- 
ebrated at Toronto December 27, 1892" and 
on the other is a floral wreath and in the 
centre a square and compass without a G and 
the ever present beaver on the top. It was 
said that the souvenir program would be of 
historic interest because it had photo- 
graphs of the Lodge at the Old Fort York 
1797, the Lodge in Market Lane occupied 
1820 to 1848 and the then present Masonic 
Hall building on Toronto Street. I am not 
aware of any copy surviving today. 

The 1893 proceedings of Grand Lodge 
give very apologetic comments on the event: 



13. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1892. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 52 



THE CENTENARY CELEBRATIONS 

The centennial year of Masonry in 
Ontario is now a matter of history, 
and it is with pardonable pride that I 
now revert to the unalterable fact 
that to my brethren of the Queen City 
of the West belongs the distinguished 
honour of keeping green in the memory 
of the Craft the struggles and achiev- 
ements of our Masonic pioneers, and 
commemorating their noble deeds in the 
celebration of the One Hundredth anni- 
versary of the establishment of our 
cherished fraternity in this fair 
province. While we congratulate our- 
selves that Toronto conceived and 
carried out to a glorious issue the 
proper observation of a momentous 
event, the reflection that it was 
confined to Toronto occasions a senti- 
ment of genuine sorrow, that the Craft 
at large was not a participant. The 
opportunity of making it a period of 
general rejoicing was missed, because 
of the prejudices of a popularity- 
seeking brother, who discerned nothing 
in the proposal beyond an excuse to 
afford the Toronto brethren a chance 
to "guzzle". 

That such an argument prevailed in 
Grand Lodge must surely be a cause of 
lasting regret to the brethren at 
large, but while we can afford to 
forgive the fraternal peculiarities 
that prompted so uncharitable a sent- 
iment, we feel confident that Grand 
Lodge will appreciate the action of 
the Toronto brethren, and applaud a 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 53 



motive that was born in a spirit of 
patriotism, as well as of affection 
for our time-honoured Craft (14) . 

I have gone into considerable detail 
about the centennial programme because I 
wanted to illustrate several points. 

Firstly, J.R.R. felt very strongly 
about this event. He had been planning it 
in his mind for some time. It was to be a 
big celebration; three days long. We in 
Heritage Lodge have a duty to recognize 
masonic historical anniversaries. This is 
one of our objectives when we were duly 
warranted. It is one way of preserving our 
past. So I ask brethren, what are we going 
to do in 1992. 

Secondly, you will be interested to 
know that these two events (the Banquet and 
Church Service) occupied about 10 columns 
of Telegram newspaper print. When masons 
and their meetings stopped becoming news, 
because J.R.R. was no longer with us, we 
lost a great deal. Through the efforts of 
our Past Grand Master last year we may 
regain some of the prominence in the com- 
munity. The lesson we should have learned 
is that Masonry can not survive in isolat- 
ion from the community in which masons 
live. Masonry was in all phases of J.R.R. ' s 
life and he always worked towards making 
freemasonry part of the community. 

Thirdly, my perceptions of J.R.R. was 
that he looked to the future as much as he 
looked into the past. He built his business 
on keeping up with the ti mes. He constantly 
14. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1893. 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 54 



lpdated the Hospital. He frequently chast- 
ised members of the fraternity when he saw 
weaknesses or signs of decay. He certainly 
iid not want us to forget the bicentennial 
celebration so he prepared a time capsule 
for us. 



|THE 1992 TIME CAPSULE 

J.R.R. gave the masons a Time Capsule 
i/hich will be opened in 1992. Freezing time 
through a time capsule is becoming a favou- 
rite activity to-day. There is a company 
which manufactures and sells plastic time 
capsules. Time capsules however, have been 
used since the beginning of time. Examples 
are Egyptian tombs, sealed statuettes, 
contents of corner stones etc. People want 
to leave something of themselves for the 
future and J.R.R. again was no exception. 

His sensitivity for things that were 
historical and the importance of historical 
events made him think about the future. 
Preserving the past for the future as he 
did through his books is evidence of this 
type of thinking. His estate planning 
through appointment of trustees for the 
management of the Telegram and the final 
payment of his endowment to the Hospital 
for Sick Children are further projections 
of himself into the future. 

The question for all time capsules is 
what to put in them and how to maintain the 
memory of them for future generations. 
J.R.R. decided that it would be placed in 
an envelope about 6x4 inches and placed 
in an institution that he personally 

J. ft ROBERTSON Page 55 



trusted and to which he was most endeared. 
This was the Toronto Public Library. It 
opened in March, 1889 for the purpose of 
loaning books free of charge to the public. 
To keep the memory of the Time Capsule 
alive, it is possible that he thought 
freemasons would always be involved in 
managing the Library as the first Chief 
Librarian was a Mason. He also requested 
and got a legal commitment for the Public 
Library to store the Time Capsule envelope 
and give it to the Grand Master in 1992. 

The minutes of the Toronto Public 
Library Board, January 13, 1893, read as 
follows: 

Your committee has received from Mr. 
J. R. Robertson for safe custody a 
small package to be opened on the 27th 
December 1993 (should be 1992) by the 
Grand Master of Freemasons in this 
Province or the District Deputy Grand 
Master of the Toronto Masonic Dist- 
rict. 

On the parcel is written: 

The Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Canada in the Province of Ontario 

or 

The District Deputy Grand Master of 
the Toronto District (the 11th - Dis- 
trict Toronto) 

This parcel is to be preserved in the 
public Library Toronto and opened by the 



J.R. ROBERTSON Page 56 



above on the 27th December 1992 at the 
celebration of the second centennial. 

On the reverse side it reads: 

"To be opened 

27th December 1992 

J.R. Robertson ( signature) 
Toronto, January 13, 1893 

In accordance with the wishes of J.R.R. 
Esq. the Board of Management of the Toronto 
Public Library ordered the package to be 
deposited in the vault. My successor will 
oblige by strictly confirming to Mr. Rober- 
tsons instructions. 

(Signed) James Bain, 

Chief Librarian" 

James Bain, Chief Librarian from 1883 
- 1908 was, of course, an active Mason and 
is mentioned frequently in masonic refer- 
ence of his time. 

It certainly is a credit to the 
Toronto Public Library that the capsule has 
been kept by them at least up to 1980 when 
I personally verified that it was still in 
their safe keeping. Grand Lodge had no 
knowledge of its existence. 

Credit for maintaining the memory of 
the Time Capsule must also go to W.Bro. 
Fred Mann, P.M. of Ashlar #247 who 
received a leather folder containing a 
picture of the capsule from Charles Robert 
Sanderson, Chief Librarian and W.M. of 
Ashlar Lodge #247 about 1939. 



J. R. ROBERTSON Page 57 



Charlie Sanderson might have thought 
the memory of it could be lost. In 1980 
Fred Mann passed the responsibility for the 
memory of this to Paul Morgan, P.M. of 
Ashlar #247 in the same way he had received 
it forty years previously. 

I speculate that with Grand Lodge 
turning down the decision to celebrate the 
100th year anniversary, J.R.R. may have 
thought they would not be interested in 
keeping the document so he entrusted it to 
the Public Library. 

We have not long to wait now to see 
what the envelope contains and I thought we 
may want to have some heritage fun to- 
night. For anyone wishing to guess what is 
in the envelope, I have provided cards and 
envelopes. Please put your Name, Lodge, and 
Masonic rank on the card with your predict- 
ion of what is contained in the time cap- 
sule envelope. We will open these envelopes 
in this Lodge after Grand Lodge opens the 
Time capsule in 1992. Could it be that 
J.R.R. has a secret to tell us, a welcome 
for us, a prediction. What was his motiva- 
tion, I wonder? 

I have told this story to emphasize 
the importance that J.R.R. placed on the 
celebration of 100 years and we in Heritage 
have a responsibility to recognize anniver- 
saries as a way of maintaining the memory 
of historical events. The Bicentenary is a 
celebration for every Freemason, every 
Lodge and every Grand Lodge. So let us plan 
now to make it a good one. 



J.R. ROBERTSON Page 58 



MEMORABILIA 

J.R.R. was not a collector of masonic 
jewels, aprons, memento's etc. It is said 
that what he had was kept in his office. 
It may also be said that what he had or 
kept in this line was of the best quality. 

I found that his collection of chairs 
are the most interesting. He has about 11 
of these and they had been put on public 
display at the Canadian National Exhibition 
in 1904. The one Chair which has the most 
interest to us is the Masonic Chair. The 
description is as follows: 

THE MASONIC CHAIR 

On the 24th June, 1717, the festival 
of St. John the Baptist, the brethren 
of four of the old Masonic Lodges of 
England, met at the "Goose and Grid- 
iron Ale House," in London Yard, on 
the north side of St. Paul's Church- 
yard, London, and formed the original 
Grand Lodge of England. The meeting 
was in the first floor room of this 
celebrated Ale House, which had been 
destroyed by the great fire of 1666 
and rebuilt in 1686. Mr. Robertson, 
knowing the history of the building 
and its Masonic connection, had a 
chair made out of the oak joists which 
supported the floor of the room where 
the Masons met to form the first Grand 
Lodge. The members of this Grand Lodge 
of England gathered at their meeting 
in 1717 were men of small means. 
Probably a few hundred pounds would 
cover the united wealth of the less 

J. R. ROBERTSON Page 59 



than a dozen brethren assembled, but 
their work of organization has had 
great results, for the Grand Lodge of 
England, the mother Grand Lodge of the 
world, gives away every year to its 
Schools for Girls and Boys, and in 
gifts to poor and indigent Masons a 
sum that averages about $365,000 year- 
ly, or about $1,000 a day, a magnifi- 
cent testimony to the great work done 
by Masonry during the past two cent- 
uries. 

In this chair all the Grand Masters of 
the Grand Lodge of Canada are 
installed when that body meets in 
Toronto. 

This chair is now in the Chisholm Temple 
and the inscription is under the seat. The 
remaining chairs were given to the Public 
Library and the University of Toronto. I 
have recently identified one to be on 
display in Casa Loma. 

In closing, I would like to quote from 
his faithful employee, Owen Staples, who 
was the Telegram's cartoonist and one of 
J.R.R. f s commissioned artists. At the 
opening of the Evening Telegram Building on 
Dupont Street in 1921 he said, "His name 
will live for generations through his 
life's work which is a lasting monument to 
his generosity". 

My comment is that we are here to- 
night to ensure that this will happen for 
generations to come. 



J.R. ROBERTSON Page 60 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 

Braithwaite, Max, Sick Kid's - The Story of 
the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto , 
McClelland & Stewart Ltd., Toronto, 1974. 

Branscombe, Dr. Frederic R. , ZETA : A 



Centennial Celebration , B.H. & F.M. Brown 
Ltd., Toronto, 1885-1985, 124 p.p. 

Branscombe, Dr. Frederic R. , Scottish Rite 
Freemasonry in the Valley of Toronto. The 
Story of the First Century . 

Foley, Roy S. and Harrington, Walter S., 

A History of The Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M. 
of Canada in the Province of Ontario 1855- 
1955 , McCallum Press Ltd., Toronto. 

Houston, Cecil J. and Smith, William H. , 
The Sash Canada Wore : A Historical Geogra- 
phy of the Orange Order in Canada , Toronto, 
1980, 980 p.p. 

McLeod, Wallace, Whence Come We : Free- 
masonry in Ontario . Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M. 
of Canada in the Province of Ontario, 
Hamilton, 1980. 

Poulton, Ron, The Paper Tyrant , Clark Irwin 
and Co., Toronto 1991. 

Taylor, John E. , John Ross Robertson , 
Freemason, Canadian Masonic Research Assoc- 
iation, May 16, 1961. Reprinted and Bound, 
The Papers of the Canadian Masonic Research 
Association, Volume II. 



J. R. ROBERTSON Page 61 



PROCEEDINGS , Grand Chapter 
Grand Lodge 
Grand Priory 
Quatuor Coronati 

PAMPHLETS, Titles in Canada in 1917 

The Coronation Chair, 1904 

BIOGRAPHIES, Biography Index, Vol. 9 & 11. 
Dictionary of North American 
Authors deceased before 1950. 
MacMillan Dictionary of Cana- 
dian Biography 4th ed. , 1978. 
Oxford Companion to Canadian 
History and Literature. 
Appleton's Cyclopedia of Ameri- 
can Biography, 6 Vols. 

JOURNALS, 'John Ross Robertson, uncommon 
publisher for the common 
reader: his first years as a 
Toronto book publisher 1 . by 
Douglas Lochhead, Journal of 
Canadian Studies Vol II, No. 2 
May 1976. 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

I am greatly indebted to the following 
persons for their assistance: George 
Bradshaw, Fred Branscombe, Frank Bruce, Ted 
Burton, R.E. Davies, Edward Elcombe, James 
Gerrard, Norman Gordon, Eric Holt, Frank 
Knapton, Nate Korn, Reg. Medhurst, Norman 
Richie (L.O.L), Martin Van Wamelin, George 
Wilkes, Staff of: Toronto School Board 
Archives, U of T. Rare Book, Toronto Sun 
Library, Toronto Public Library - Baldwin 
Room. 

J.R. ROBERTSON Page 62 



FOOTNOTES 

"The paper tyrant" by Ron Poulton. 

Ibid. 

Ibid. 

Ibid. 

The Telegram, May 23, 1942 

Talks with Craftsmen 

Grand Chapter of Canada proceedings, 
1895 pp. 25-26 

8. International Hockey Hall of Fame, 
Kingston, 1947. 

9. Annual Report of the Hospital for sick 
children 1984. 

10. Letter to the Public Library Board 
from John Ross Robertson, May 12, 
1910. 

11. Ibid, May 12, 1916. 

12. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1891. 

This paper was summarized for presentation 
in the lodge. Illustrated slides, using 
some of John Ross Robertson's own pictures, 
were used to highlight some of the inter- 
esting items in this lecture. 



J. R. ROBERTSON Page 63 



MASONRY AND RELIGION* 

by 
R. W. Bro. William Fairley 



In January of this year I received the 
fall copy of "The Canadian Mason", within 
which is an article concerning "Masonry and 
Religion". This article does both Religion 
and Masonry a great dis-service and I am 
very disappointed. It underlines an ongoing 
problem that is fought within the religious 
community and masonry. The article is one 
of confrontation rather than dialogue and 
mutual understanding. I think it is extre- 
mely important that there be dialogue 
rather than challenging one another, or 
accusing one another, with counter chal- 
lenges coming from one side or the other. 

There is a distinction, as we know, 
between Religion and Masonry that can only 
be defined within the individual human 
mind. A man's religion is what he does with 
his own solitude; the silence of his own 
mind. 



* Transcript of a f talk f presented by R.W. 
Bro. Fairley at the Regular Meeting of The 
Heritage Lodge held in the Masonic Lodge 
Building, Lindsay, Ontario, March 24, 1990. 



MASONRY AND RELIGION 



Page 64 



At the beginning of the proceedings this 
afternoon Worshipful Sir, when acting on 
behalf of the Chaplain, you shared with us 
the fact that there was a practice in The 
Heritage Lodge, that from the alter you 
have a meditation and prayer. The Grand 
Master or his advisors apparently asked you 
to discontinue this practice. I am trying 
to read their minds, but I assume the 
decision was based upon the fact, that such 
a practice has too much of a religious 
connotation. If this was their reasoning, 
they are quite entitled to make such a 
ruling. However, what they would never 
think of doing, what they must never try to 
do of course is, give an order to the 
effect that while we are sitting in these 
seats, we dare not in the silence of our 
own mind and heart offer a prayer to the 
Deity. So there it is Master. While listen- 
ing to the beautiful presentation of the 
meditation to-day, neither the Grand Lodge 
nor any other worldly authority can say to 
any individual, you dare not pray silently 
in your own seat; therefore do not be hurt 
or disappointed that the meditations are 
discontinued, we are not a religious organ- 
ization, we are a fraternity. 

Now Worshipful Sir, I want to share some 
other thoughts. I am not claiming to say 
anything new, but how I understand Masonry. 
I hope and pray there is something, in some 
part of what I have to say, that is mean- 
ingful to others. 

My sources of information are: The Volume 
of the Sacred Law; Our Ritual; and two 
Theological Books. These books are written 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 65 



by eminent German scholars during the Nazi 
era. One has the title "Creation and Fall", 
a Theological Interpretation of Geneses 1 
to 3 by Dietrich Bonhoeffer; he was a 
German Theologian who remained in Germany 
throughout the Nazi regime; was imprisoned 
during the war, and put to death by the 
Nazi just a few weeks before the liberation 
of Germany. He stood firmly by his convic- 
tions concerning the power of God in rela- 
tion to mankind. 

Another book from which I gained some of 
the things I wish to share with you was 
also written by a German Theologian, Paul 
Tillich. He was one of the most prominent 
theologians of the 2 0th century. He left 
Germany during the early nineteen thirties, 
taught in Princeton Theological College in 
the United States, and wrote many books. 
The book I have particularly in mind is 
"Morality and Beyond". 

First the Volume of the Sacred Law. Every- 
one of us are agreed, what is going on in 
our mind, the regalia that adorns our body; 
anything we see on the ceiling, walls or 
floor; if it is not in harmony with, or 
reflects the light from the Volume of the 
Sacred Law, it should not be in the Lodge 
room. Whether it is our thinking, our 
dress, the adornments of our lodge, or the 
proceedings themselves, all must be disci- 
plined by the Volume of the Sacred Law. 

I am well aware of the fact that there are 
certain things that I may say that touch a 
sensitive part of an individuals personal 
convictions, either concerning Masonry or 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 66 



their religious beliefs. I am claiming the 
prayer uttered by the Worshipful Master on 
behalf of us all, is guiding my thoughts as 
I share those things that are in my mind 
and heart this afternoon. That the work 
commenced in order will be conducted in 
peace, and I am confident we will close in 
harmony. 

I would like to share with you what I 
believe is one of the most dramatic aspects 
of our ritual. It has to do with our insta- 
llation and is of the utmost importance. 
Almost everyone of us has attended a board 
of Installed Masters. If you have not had 
this privilege, I am not giving away 
secrets concerning the vision of the 
Prophet Amos. The prophet was warned by God 
the people would be punished with a plague 
of locusts, which would devour all growth 
during the spring. This would mean abso- 
lutely no food by harvest, so Amos prayed 
the Lord would prevent the locust plague. 
In response God said He would send fire 
instead of locusts, a fire that would 
destroy all things on the surface and so 
intense, dry up even the subterranean 
waters. Again Amos pleaded with God who 
responded, not with locusts or a fire, but 
a Plumb-Line. 

What is a plumb-line in comparison to 
locusts or fire as a means of judgement? 
The wealthy and the powerful may endure the 
locusts and fire until the following spri- 
ng, or the year after that, but the vast 
majority would die. Under the Plumb-Line, 
which is the Law of God, no one who was 
free and living under the promises of God 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 67 



would escape judgement. The Angel of death 
passed by the Hebrews when they were slaves 
in Egypt, now they had the law of Moses, 
the history of the Patriarchs, the teaching 
of the Prophets, so there was no excuse. 
The newly Installed Master is reminded from 
the West, and all present can hear, the Law 
of God will not pass by us any more. 

What is the Law of God to us? According to 
the Book of Deuteronomy "Thou shalt love 
the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with 
all thy soul, and with all thy mind". 
According to the book of Leviticus "Thou 
shalt love thy neighbour as thyself". We 
all know those quotations from the Old 
Testament were combined by Jesus of 
Nazareth as containing all the law and 
prophets. Think of the obligations and 
sealing with your lips, did the words and 
deeds violate your understanding of the 
above sacred law? We claim of course it 
does not. 

The Sacred Law is beyond the written word. 
It is the Law of Love of God, placed in the 
mind and written on the heart. All mankind, 
regardless of colour, their creed, or 
background, are created by love and the 
Creator has made us in the image of Hims- 
elf. Under God we share with one another 
brotherly love. 

This love is experienced in the midst of 
three great mysteries, The Beginning, that 
of Evil, and the End. Through our ritual 
and in our lodges, we try to deal with 
these mysteries in brotherly love, guided 
by the truth and light from Holy Scripture. 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 68 



We claim Masonry is the most perfect, 
moral, human institution, that ever 
existed. Men just like us composed the 
ritual, as they understood God in their 
time, generation, and circumstances. They 
wrestled with the great mysteries of life, 
with the law of God written in their 
hearts. They acknowledged the first great 
Light of Masonry is the Volume of the 
Sacred Law. 

Note carefully, not the Volume of the 
Moral Law, but the Volume of the Sacred 
Law. The moral is written in words, that 
are subject to the Sacred Law of Love 
written on the heart. The law to love the 
Lord thy God with all thy mind, with all 
thy heart, with all thy soul, and thy 
neighbour as thyself. The law of love 
cannot be defined in terms of words. Every 
situation in life is distinct in itself as 
it involves the mystery of evil. 

Nowhere does the volume of the Sacred Law 
explain the mystery of evil. It shows the 
problem and every human mind knows there is 
a problem between the mystery of evil and 
the mystery of what is good. Consider Job 
and his friends. When Job was sitting on 
the garbage dump scraping his sores and his 
friends came to console him, they kept 
insisting he must be guilty of evil. We 
know of course reading behind it, that the 
forces of evil were allowed to tempt him. 
Job, out of his commitment to his trust in 
what is good said concerning God "Though he 
slay me, yet will I trust in him ... ". 
This is living with trust in a good God 
despite any evidence to the contrary. 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 69 



In his interpretation of Genesis 1 to 3 
Dietrich Bonhoeffer writes concerning "In 
the beginning God . . . " . "The beginning can 
only be spoken of by those who are in the 
middle and are anxious about the beginning 
and end . . . " . 

We cannot know the beginning and we do not 
know the end, therefore we mortals are 
living in the anxious middle. In the 
anxious middle between the Beginning and 
the End we live by faith knowing both good 
and evil. 

We know of the good because the history of 
mankind on this planet with the beautiful 
and wonderful things that have been 
achieved in the arts and the sciences of 
which we stress in our ritual. Of the 
beautiful and wonderful attainments of the 
mind of man over a great variety of circum- 
stances down through the ages. 

We also know of the evil of man. Year 
after year, century after century, evil is 
expressed, says Bonhoeffer, by desire for 
power. Man wanted to penetrate or grasp the 
mystery of the beginning to be his own god. 
He wanted absolute control over his own 
being, so he reached out and tried to grasp 
it. 

It is the desire for power in the human 
mind; power over self, the family, communi- 
ty, fraternity, church, state, in the field 
of politics, religion, industry, you name 
it. Any organization where there is a power 
that is seen as greater than submission to 
principles, gives cause for concern. Who 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 70 



amongst us dare say, only the practice of 
our moral fundamental principles is my goal 
within the craft? The motive to become a 
Grand Lodge Officer, is a sense of power 
greater than a desire to serve my fellow 
mortals? Each individual is left to his own 
sense of good and evil to know if it is his 
ambition to elevate himself above his 
fellows, or accept the office in order that 
he may humbly serve both his God and his 
fellow man. 

No one else can judge but the individual 
himself in the middle between the beginning 
and the end and his knowledge of good and 
evil . The mystery of how each individual 
lives out his life in the anxious middle. 
We remember the dramatic moment at the 
alter in the lodge when it is declared - In 
the beginning God -. This is a theological 
statement, it is a religious statement, it 
is a statement of faith in God from whom we 
receive the moral law. 

Paul Tillich in his book "Morality and 
Beyond" reminds us that the human condit- 
ion, the human as a person is made up of 
Morality, Culture and Religion. No matter 
which continent he lives on, however 
advanced or primitive from our point of 
view, his personality expresses morality, 
culture and religion. 

Each one of us are products of our culture 
however you define it in terms of the 
family into which we are born, in terms of 
poverty or wealth, in terms of countless 
other things. There are those of us at the 
present time in Canada who are greatly 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 71 



exercised by the manner in which our cul- 
ture is changing. You are well aware there 
are different interpretations on how the 
culture of Canada should unfold. We are 
also products of our morality. There are 
those who want a written moral answer for 
everything. Paul Tillich says there is a 
love that transcends all moral demands. 
When we love and respect self, when we love 
The One who created the person I am, when 
we love the other person, then together we 
are part of the expression of the love of 
the Creator, then we have the standard upon 
which our morality will develop. This love 
will find expression in our religious 
convictions, so that our religion is 
expressed through our morality within the 
culture in which we live. 

Now I wish to turn our attention to the 
mystery of the end. 

This is a subject that is sensitive and 
causes a great deal of the tension between 
organized religion, and I am thinking 
specifically of Christianity, because the 
vast majority of us are identified with it, 
with all due respects for our Jewish breth- 
ren and those of other faiths. Most of us 
by culture and moral standards, were born 
and raised within the Christian Church. 
Every denomination of the Church is con- 
cerned with the end. Unless you believe in 
the life, death and resurrection of Jesus 
of Nazareth, then you are lost when life 
comes to an end, is the teaching of the 
Church, therefore salvation is given 
through faith in Jesus. 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 72 



Masonry, distinct from religion, does not 
promise salvation, but masonry also faces 
the end. The Senior Warden, as I reminded 
you a few minutes ago concerning The Board 
of Installed Masters, recites from the 
writings of Amos about the final judgement. 
The Senior Warden is situated where by the 
authority of the Worshipful Master closes 
the lodge at the end of the day. 

The climax in masonry is the end as exemp- 
lified in the legend of Hiram. We portray 
his end by his representative being raised, 
not by salvation from religious sense, but 
on the five points of fellowship. Each 
point takes into account the mystery of us 
living in the anxious middle, not really 
knowing the beginning or the end except 
through faith in the Most High who is in 
the beginning and the end. We live in this 
anxious middle with each individual person- 
ality knowing good and evil, a product of 
his culture, moral values and religion. 

As you give your hand to a brother, this 
implies there are those to whom you would 
not give your hand as greeting a brother. 
When you promise foot to foot to form a 
column of mutual support, this indicates 
there must be evil forces that require we 
give one another support. When we refer to 
the position of our knees, the concern is 
the trials and difficulties of life with 
its temptations, with the prayerful hope we 
are enabled to overcome any evil or selfi- 
shness. We promise our breast will be a 
safe place for another's lawful secrets, 
indicating there are contending forces of 
good and evil. We find it necessary to put 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 73 



our hand on a brother's back in defence of 
those evil forces that would destroy his 
personality. 

We are raised not to salvation , as that is 
the work of religion, but we are raised in 
order that brother to brother we share the 
anxious middle. In our anxiety we are not 
alone, under the all seeing eye of God, who 
is the Beginning, while we are in the 
anxious middle, individually and as a group 
until the End. 

Whether the group is the family, the 
nation, the fraternity, the church, or 
whatever, all is under God who understands 
their anxiety. He shares in their conflict 
between good and evil and realizes they are 
a product of their culture, moral upbring- 
ing and religion. He oversees not as a 
judge or spy looking for faults but a God 
of love, who knows the complexities of the 
human mind and heart. 

Masonry in this anxious middle should be 
in dialogue not conflict with the Christian 
Church. We should be seen as assisting one 
another, but never claiming masonry pro- 
vides the means of salvation, contrary to 
the manner in which certain parts of our 
ritual are interpreted, especially the 
working tools in the Fellow Craft degree. 
As you listen to that lecture with Christi- 
anity central in your mind, especially the 
Gospel of Christ, interpret those tools in 
the light of His teaching. 

Coming back to the Volume of the Sacred 
Law and this time to the writings of the 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 74 






Prophet Micah, he was asked "Wherewith 
shall I come before the Lord . ..? to which 
Micah replied "... and what doth the Lord 
require of thee, but to do justly, to love 
mercy and to walk humbly with thy God" . The 
Prophet had pointed out, the Lord did not 
need the sacrifices of calves, fruit, corn 
or infants. Sounds beautiful, but everyone 
must acknowledge, extremely difficult to 
live. 

To do justly, whether it is in terms of 
our political philosophy, personal convic- 
tions on how the laws of the country should 
be formulated and enforced, are complex 
issues that are vexing our country at this 
particular moment. To do justly, whether 
resident in British Columbia, North West 
Territory, Newfoundland, or anywhere else 
in Canada is no easy task. This is espec- 
ially true in our attitude to South Africa, 
China, Russia and where systems are falling 
apart in Europe politically and economic- 
ally. 

To love mercy is easy when we want others 
to be merciful to us, but how difficult to 
extend to others while coping with our 
anxieties over good and evil. In certain 
masonic bodies in the legend of Hiram, 
Solomon was not merciful to those respon- 
sible for the death of the Master. If we 
were a religion, we would have tried to 
reform or convert the Ruffians, show them 
the true way from a Christian point of view 
at the foot of the cross, confess and you 
are forgiven. Masonry looks at the reality 
of life in Solomon's day, when confession 
could still mean death, not mercy. 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 75 



Now we come to the great challenge, to 
walk humbly with your God. I believe those 
who formulated our ritual in the culture 
and environment of 18th Century England, 
during the struggle between those who said 
you had to be a Christian in order to be a 
mason, and others claiming masonry should 
be open to all men, they realized masonry 
could only survive if each man is free to 
walk humbly with God, as he understands 
Him. Each man is free to learn within his 
environment, culture, moral standards and 
religious convictions. 

We are each well aware everything of a 
Christian connotation was not removed from 
our craft. John The Baptist and John The 
Apostle are revered by those who hold their 
annual installation on the 24th of June or 
the 27th of December. From a Christian 
standpoint John declared "In the beginning 
was the Word, and the Word was with God, 
and the Word was God. The same was in the 
beginning with God. All things were made by 
Him and without Him was not anything made 
that was made. In Him was life, and the 
life was the light of men". Christians 
believe Jesus was "That true Light which 
lighteth every man that cometh into the 
world". We who are Christians believe we 
are not superior or better than our fellow 
mortals, be he Jew, Moslem or Sikh, or any 
other religion. 

We believe under God that in His Name we 
seek to bring the light of His Love to 
every situation whatever the cost in terms 
of suffering or otherwise. Not telling 
others they are lost, but trying to live in 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 76 



obedience to the Divine Law. All of us 
within the Church and as a mason say to 
God, be merciful to me a sinner. 



REFERENCES 

1. The Bible , King James version. 

2. The Work , 1974. 

3. Installation , 1972 Edition. 

4 . Creation And Fall - A Theological 
Interpretation Genesis 1-3 , Diet- 
rich Bonhoeffer, S.C.M. Press, 1959. 

5. Morality And Beyond , Paul Tillich, 
Harper & Row Publishers, 1963. 



INFORMAL DISCUSSION 

R. W. Bro. C.K Drew- this is a little depar- 
ture from our normal format and R.W. Bro. 
Fairley indicated that possibly there may 
be some questions to him that you may want 
to approach at this time, instead of our 
normal reviews that we would have on a 
paper. Are there or is there any brother 
who would like to ask any question of Bro. 
Fairley? 

R. W. Bro. Jack Pos - since there appears to be 
some hesitancy, perhaps my question may 
encourage others. We in the anxious middle, 
who do not know the beginning nor the end, 
would like to speculate a little on the 
end. That is, a bit of philosophy on 
immortality. Therefore, I would ask the 
question . . . Where do we go when we die? 
From writings and paintings, we perceive a 
glorious ascension through white cumulus 

MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 77 



clouds and beautiful music from heavenly 
instruments; but where in the Bible do we 
find anything that tells or speaks of man's 
reception by 'St. Peter 1 at the pearly 
gates amid the sounds of 'Gabriel's horn'? 
If there is nothing in the Holy Book, then 
what is there to look forward to after 
death? 

R. W. Bro. Fairley- Well of course Jack knows, 
as well as the rest of us do, that the 
spirit shall return unto God who gave it 
according to Ecclesiastes. The question 
falls, in terms of geographical location, 
and there is no geographical location from 
a Christian point of view. We go into 
perfect love. Those of us who are committed 
to the Christian faith, and I made a per- 
sonal commitment when I was 18 or 19 years 
of age, worship a Person, not a moral 
principle. In the Armed Forces, in indus- 
try, and in the ministry, I have met all 
kinds of people, in every conceivable 
situation, and I am still convinced, to go 
into perfect love, which I cannot explain, 
but accept in faith. The imagination of the 
artist is their conception, arising from 
writings out of their culture, morality and 
religious convictions, set in the times and 
century in which they lived. This is their 
concept of that which is beautiful. The 
pearly gates, the streets paved with gold, 
is in contrast to the poverty of the people 
who had nothing at all. There were those 
who had mental images of running water, of 
pure water, while living in a desert, or 
they had to go miles before they got water. 
Whatever is in contrast to the poverty or 
poor conditions in which they lived was 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 78 






Paradise. To mention Paradise is to express 
that which is beautiful, where the mind is 
free from the tension caused through know- 
ing good and evil, is living in a state of 
perfect love. It is not a geographical 
vision, it is a state of being in relation 
to the Creator. From a Christian point of 
view, perfect love is a gift through faith 
in God's Son. 

R. W. Bro. Drew- What a marvellous answer, I 
promise you that this was not rehearsed. 
Does any other brother have a question? 

R. W. Bro. John Boersma - R.W. Bro. Fairley, I 
too am sometimes disturbed and I have a 
question: Is masonry a vehicle to make a 
good man better? I think the answer is Yes. 
I think I detect here a distinction between 
improving himself on a moral plane, and a 
mason improving himself on a physical 
plane. I firmly believe that our Order, as 
Bro. William Mercer Wilson said when he was 
M.W. the Grand Master. He referred to the 
final charge. "The purpose of Masonry is 
the cultivation and improvement of the 
human mind" , and I think that makes a good 
man better. I think of a mason improving 
and cultivating his mind. I agree it is 
only morality that sits behind it, and I 
agree that from a moral sense, he could 
very well be compared to the Pharisee and 
so on. In the last instance we owe it to 
ourselves, and to our youth, and to the 
people outside of our lives, to say, the 
cultivation and improvement of the human 
mind is our purpose and goal. 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 79 



R. W. Bro. Fairley - I think we would all agree 
that to improve the human mind is our 
purpose and our goal, but there is a spiri- 
tual dimension that cultivates this, and 
that is what I am stressing. Yes, of course 
we try to make good men better, but we must 
define our terms on what we mean by good. 
Scripture states that there is no one good 
except God. Each of us are under the ten- 
sion between good and evil and no matter 
what we think or say or do, we are con- 
stantly dependent on a spiritual force 
behind us. Our ultimate destiny is not to 
be perfect in the human condition; our 
ultimate destiny is to enter into the 
perfect love of God. I am not in any way 
trying to put down the desire to improve 
the human mind in any area of endeavour, 
whether it be in the field of medicine, the 
arts, or any other way. It is an acknowl- 
edgement that the source of our goodness is 
not in man himself or human philosophy. We 
have the Volume of the Sacred Law open, 
this is to acknowledge that the truths that 
are inculcated in that Book are the source 
that enables us to be good. Masonry is a 
human institution, but we draw on spiritual 
values in order to inspire our human insti- 
tution. 

William Fairley 



MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 80 



EDEN LODGE AND 
THE GRAND LODGE OF ONTARIO 

by 

Frank A. Standring DDGM - MPS 
(Member The Heritage Lodge No. 



FORWARD 



As a prelude to this paper, it is only fair 
to state that the subject of it would not have 
occurred to me had it not been for V. Wor. 
Bro. Tom Johnson, of Union Lodge #380. He had 
collected data relative to it for a consider- 
able time prior to showing me his material and 
notes and, needless to say, after discussing 
it with him and spurred by his enthusiasm, I 
then agreed to carry on with it. 

In the process of collecting and examining 
additional research items, my interest became 
even further stimulated, and I gave consider- 
able thought as to whether or not the unhappy 
circumstances could have been prevented in 
the first place. As the paper progresses, you 
cannot help but be aware of my own opinion, 
but I will leave you to formulate your own. 



* Paper presented at the Regular Meeting of 
The Heritage Lodge held in the Dufferin 
Street Masonic Lodge Building, London, 
Ontario, May 19, 1990. 
EDEN LODGE Page 81 



One thing that did strike me, was the com- 
pletely negative attitude of those who should 
have known better. Also, the adjectives used 
by various persons in authority when refer- 
ring to the recalcitrant brethren; despicable 
(conduct) , heinous (actions) etc. These 
strike me as being somewhat overblown, but in 
view of the fact that one hundred years ago 
people consistently were inclined in their 
speeches or reports to used three words where 
one would do, it is not surprising. Also 
masons being human and possessing the faults 
of the species, bureaucracy and authoritar- 
ianism existed from time to time as it did in 
any other organization. 

Lastly, I must also thank R. Wor. Bro. 
E.S.P. Carson of Union Lodge #380, for making 
available certain books etc. , and thanks also 
to those brethren who made available their 
lodge histories. Without them, this paper 
could not have been completed. 

During his address to the Twentieth Annual 
Communication of the Grand Lodge of A.F. & 
A.M. of Canada, assembled in the City of 
London, opening on Wednesday the 14th day of 
July A.D. 1875, R. Wor. Bro. James K. Kerr, 
Deputy Grand Master and Acting Grand Master, 
made the following statement. "And since I 
assumed the gavel, I have granted dispensa- 
tions as follows:" There is then listed nine 
lodges, the sixth on the list being "Eden 
Lodge", London. The District Deputy Grand 
Master for the London District, R. Wor. Bro. 
W.D McGloghlon, stated in his report to Grand 
Lodge as follows, "On May the 19th, I duly 
opened and installed a new Lodge in the City 
of London, to be called the Eden Lodge, under 

EDEN LODGE Page 82 



a dispensation the Acting Grand Master was 
pleased to grant." 

At first glance, these events would appear 
to be nothing more than the regular business 
of Grand Lodge, but as will be shown in this 
paper, events preceding as well as those just 
quoted, to put it in the vernacular, opened up 
a whole new can of worms! Thus began the 
events which came to be known as the "London 
Difficulty" and I leave it to you to conclude 
whether or not, the whole problem could have 
been avoided. 

To begin, the history of Tuscan Lodge #195 
records that on May 3rd, 1875, a deputation of 
brethren wishing to form a lodge in London 
East attended their regular meeting and 
requested a petition from Tuscan recommending 
the same. This lodge was to be called Corint- 
hian, number blank and the request was moved 
and carried unanimously. The same day, 
another delegation of brethren wishing to 
form a new lodge in London to be called Eden 
Lodge, number blank, were in attendance to 
request Tuscan to recommend their petition. 
It was moved and carried unanimously that the 
Tuscan Lodge refuse to grant their recommen- 
dation in favour of this proposed new lodge. 

The Historical Sketch of St. John's Lodge, 
No. 20 records on page 40 the following: "1875 
- In May of this year the celebrated 'Eden 
Lodge' was instituted at a regular meeting/ 
May 11th. The following preamble and resol- 
ution was moved by P.M. Bro M.D. Dawson, 
seconded by Bro. James Morrison, and carried 
unanimously: 



EDEN LODGE Page 83 



That whereas, we have learned with regret 
that a number of overzealous Masons are en- 
deavouring to establish a new Masonic Lodge in 
the City of London to be called Eden Lodge; 
and that , as we consider that there are a 
sufficient number of lodges now in the city to 
supply all the wants of Craft Masonry and more 
than our present population warrants, be it 
therefore 

Resolved, that M.W. the Grand Master be 
requested not to grant the dispensation asked 
for, , as we consider that in place of being 
productive of good masonry, it will be a 
permanent injury to the lodges now working in 
London." 

A communication (received from the United 
Finance Committee, lessees of the Masonic 
Hall, , signed by the secretary of that comm- 
ittee) was read at the regular meeting of St. 
John's No. 20 informing the lodge as follows: 
that on the evening of May 19th, application 
was made to the committee chairman by the 
district Deputy Grand Master for the keys of 
this hall, for the purpose of instituting a 
new lodge called 'Eden 1 . The chairman 
informed R. Wor. Bro. McGloghlon that he 
could not do so without prior sanction from 
the masters of the five lodges using the hall 
authorizing him to do so. 

The letter then went on to say that R. Wor. 
Bro. McGloghlon then stated that if he did not 
get the keys, he would break the doors in and, 
though this threat was not literally carried 
out, entrance was effected by other means. 
The letter also included two resolution 
passed by St. John's No. 20 and Kilwinning No. 

EDEN LODGE Page 84 



64, that in future the hall was not to be used 
for any purpose other than that of Masonry. 

A resolution was then adopted condemning 
the unreasonable and unmasonic conduct of the 
members of Eden Lodge and, it was also decided 
to use every effort to prevent the Grand 
Lodge from granting them a warrant and to 
petition to that effect. The following lett- 
er, signed by W.W. Fitzgerald, W. M. Eden 
Lodge U.D. had been received and was also 
read: 

"To the W.M., Officers and Brethren of St. 
John's Lodge No. 20 A.F. & A.M. As Master of 
and on behalf of Eden Lodge U.D., I beg leave 
to apply to your lodge for permission for said 
Eden Lodge to meet in this Masonic Hall. 11 

This request was laid over until after the 
action of Grand Lodge. A motion was also 
passed petitioning Grand Lodge to grant con- 
current jurisdiction to Corinthian Lodge, now 
working U.D. in London East. Tuscan Lodge No. 
195, at their June meeting also received the 
same letter from Eden Lodge and adopted the 
same policy and action as had St. John's No. 
20. They also moved and carried the request of 
Corinthian Lodge U.D. in London East. Tuscan 
Lodge No. 195, at their June meeting also 
received the same letter from Eden Lodge and 
adopted the same policy and action as had St. 
John's No. 20. They also moved and carried the 
request of Corinthian Lodge U.D., regarding 
concurrent jurisdiction. 

The Centennial History of St. George Lodge 
No. 42, records the following: 



EDEN LODGE Page 85 



"On May 19th , 187 5 , a motion was carried 
approving the forming of Corinthian Lodge No. 
330. In the same year, Eden Lodge was formed 
under a dispensation which was not the unani- 
mous desire of the Masonic Brethren of Londo- 
n." The Centennial History of Kilwinning 
Lodge No. 64 just mentions the "Ill-starred 
Eden Lodge of London" and the short-lived 
"Grand Lodge of Ontario" as well as the action 
taken by the Acting Grand Master, R. Wor. Bro. 
Jas. K. Kerr, in granting a dispensation in 
February 1875, for a sixth lodge in London 
despite opposition of local Masons. 

A research of the history of St. John's 
Lodge No 209a as printed in the 1889 edition 
of the History of Middlesex County produced no 
reference to Eden Lodge, but in as much as 
they were embroiled in an ongoing dispute with 
St. John's No. 20, this is not at all surp- 
rising. 

Page 341 of that same publication gives the 
following information. 

"Eden Lodge, A.F. & A.M. - A dispensation 
was granted to this lodge May 19th, 1875, by 
the Grand Lodge of Canada." Among the members 
making application were: 

Francis Westlake - P.M. St. George No. 42 

and P.D.D.G.M. 
John R. Peel - P.M. Kilwinning No. 64 
William H. Street - Kilwinning No. 64 and 

Erie No. 149 
James F. Latimer - St. Mark's No. 94 
w.w. Fitzgerald - Kilwinning No. 64 
Daniel M. Bowman - St. John's No. 209a 



EDEN LODGE Page 86 



W.D. McGloghlon - P.M. Albion No. 80 and 

D.D.G.M. London Dis. 

Stillman Groat - Durham No. 66 

Charles A. Conover - Wor. Master, Kilwinn 

ing No. 64 

John H. Ley - Kilwinning No. 64 

And others." 

And now, this brings us back to the Annual 
Communication of the Grand Lodge of Canada for 
the year 1875. On page 130 of the proceedings 
for that year, the following is recorded. "In 
the matter of the application for the issue of 
a warrant to Eden Lodge London, the Board 
recommend that a warrant be not granted, but 
that the M.W. the Grand Master be requested to 
issue his dispensation authorizing the 
officers and brethren named therein to pass 
and raise those already initiated in that 
lodge." The only other lodge applying and 
not granted a warrant was Harmon Lodge, 
Toronto, but it»s dispensation was extended 
for another year. 

Page 140 of the same proceedings shows that 
a motion was introduced to include the village 
of London East in the London District and, 
that it be masonically included in the juris- 
diction of the City of London. Also, that the 
portion of the report of the Board on Warr- 
ants, recommending that warrants not be iss- 
ued to Harmon Lodge, Toronto and Eden Lodge, 
London, be adopted. An amendment to the 
motion was moved by R.W. Bro. F. Westlake, 
seconded by R.W. Bro. D. Spry, that "that part 
of the report of the Board on Warrants re- 
ferring to Eden Lodge be struck out and, that 
a warrant be granted to Eden Lodge." A vote 

EDEN LODGE Page 87 



of Grand Lodge on the amendment declared in 
the negative and the original resolution was 
adopted. R.W. Bro. Westlake then demanded a 
ballot on the question, which was taken and 
declared against the amendment. 

In accordance with the wishes of Grand 
Lodge, M.W. Bro. Kerr, the newly installed 
Grand Master, informed the D.D.G.M. of the 
London District R.W. Bro. McGloghlon, that he 
was prepared to issue a dispensation in terms 
of the report given by Grand Lodge. This 
would take place after the delivery to the 
Grand Secretary of the dispensation then in 
the hands of Eden Lodge and upon a return 
being made of the work done thereunder. 
Opposition to the granting of the warrant had 
emanated from brethren who had satisfied the 
Board that it was not in the interest of the 
Craft to favour another Lodge in London at 
that time. 

After using his good offices to restore 
harmony, but without avail, the Grand Master 
promised to return to London a little later in 
the season in the hope of effecting a recon- 
ciliation, but before he could do so, he 
learned that the meeting of Eden Lodge had 
been called for the purpose of initiating a 
candidate. The Grand Secretary was instruc- 
ted to forbid the Wor. Master holding the 
meeting, but the meeting was held and the 
candidate initiated. 

The next annual communication of Grand 
Lodge assembled in Ottawa on Wednesday, the 
12th of July, 1876. M.W. Bro. Kerr, in his 
address, reported on the event mentioned in 
the previous paragraph and on meetings with 

EDEN LODGE Page 88 



the London D.D.G.M., as well as R.W. Bro. 
Westlake. He stated that no agreement could 
be reached, insofar as implementing the terms 
laid down at the previous Annual Communi- 
cation of Grand Lodge and, on the 10th day of 
February, 1876, a declaration of incorpor- 
ation of the "Grand Lodge of Ontario" was 
made, by F. Westlake, John R. Peel, W.H. 
Street, J.F. Latimer and W.W. Fitzgerald. 

M.W. Bro. Kerr then reported that, as a 
result of this, he had issued an edict sus- 
pending the ten brethren named in the appli- 
cation for dispensation with respect of Eden 
Lodge in 1875. He also suspended thirty-eight 
other brethren from various lodges in the 
jurisdiction, including eight E.A.'s from 
Eden Lodge U.D. The declaration of the incor- 
poration (appended to his address) reads as 
follows 

'■Whereas, we the undersigned, are members 
of the Ancient and Honourable Order of 
Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons; and 
Whereas, there exists no regularly con- 
stituted Grand Lodge of our said Ancient 
Order for the Province of Ontario, and we 
are desirous of organizing and constitut- 
ing such a Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free 
and Accepted Masons of Ontario; And, we 
hereby declare and express our desire to 
become incorporated under the Act passed 
in the thirty-seventh year of Her Majes- 
ty's reign, entitled an Act respecting 
Benevolent, Provident and other 
Societies. The name of the society shall 
be "The Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free and 
Accepted Masons of Ontario. 11 



EDEN LODGE Page 89 



The purposes and objects of our Order 
and Society, are the practice of benevol- 
ence and charity, to relieve the sick and 
distressed, and comfort the mourner, and 
to disseminate true Masonic knowledge in 
all it*s branches and degrees. 

The principal and managing officers 
are, and shall be; The Most Worshipful 
Grand Master, The Right Worshipful Deputy 
Grand Master; The Right Worshipful Grand 
Senior Warden; The Right Worshipful Grand 
Junior Warden; The Right Worshipful Grand 
Secretary. 

The following brethren shall fill the 
said several offices until an election 
shall be held as hereinafter provided: 
Bro. Francis Westlake, Most Worshipful 
Grand Master; Bro. John Robert Peel, 
Right Worshipful Deputy Grand Master; 
Bro. William Hatten Street, Right Wor- 
shipful Grand Senior Warden; Bro. James 
Francis Latimer, Right Worshipful Grand 
Junior Warden; Bro. William Weir 
Fitzgerald, Right Worshipful Grand Secr- 
etary. 

The Society shall meet once in each 
year at such time and place in Ontario, 
as the Society shall hereinafter from 
time to time at the annual meeting 
appoint, and at such other times as the 
Most Worshipful Grand Master shall deem 
it necessary to call the brethren 
together to transact any business per- 
taining to the management and welfare of 
the Order. The officers shall be elected 
at the annual meeting in each year. The 

EDEN LODGE Page 90 






Masters and Past Masters of the lodges, 
and the Wardens for the time being of 
Lodges under the jurisdiction of this 
Grand Lodge, shall be entitled to be 
admitted to the meetings and to vote on 
all questions including the election of 
officers. The election of officers shall 
be by ballot, any other questions that 
the Grand Lodge shall hereinafter decide 
on to be voted by ballot, shall be voted 
on by ballot. 

The Society may, from time to time, by 
a resolution at any meeting regularly 
called, appoint any other officers that 
may be deemed necessary, and at the same 
time declare that such officers shall 
thereafter be elected or appointed at the 
annual meeting. So soon as may be con- 
venient the Grand Master shall call the 
brethren together to frame and adopt a 
constitution, by-laws and rules of order 
for the government and management of the 
Society, the same not being contrary to 
law or the provisions hereof. 



(signed) F. West lake 
J no. R. Peel 
W. H. Street 
J. F. Latimer 
W. W. Fitzgerald 



The following edict was also appended to 
the Grand Master's address. 



EDEN LODGE Page 91 



GRAND LODGE A.F. & A.M. OF CANADA 



To the Worshipful Masters, Past Masters, 
Wardens and Officers of Lodges, and all 
Masonic Brethren, to whom these presents 
may come, Greeting; 

Whereas it is within my knowledge, 
that Bros. F., Westlake, J.R. Peel, W.H. 
Street, J.F. Latimer and W.W. Fitz- 
gerald, brethren within the jurisdiction 
of the Grand Lodge of Canada, have signed 
a declaration of incorporation under the 
style and title of "The Grand Lodge of 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of Ont- 
ario, 11 and whereas such a declaration is 
an attempt to subvert the authority of 
The Grand Lodge of Canada, is detrimental 
to the best interests of Freemasonry, and 
is calculated to disturb the peace, har- 
mony and unity of the Fraternity; and 
Whereas, the above named brethren and 
others have been present at, and taken 
part in, clandestine meetings of Masons 
held in the City of London, under the 
pretended authority of the so-called 
"Grand Lodge of Ontario" in utter violat- 
ion of their Masonic obligations, and the 
requirements of the constitution: There- 
fore; take notice that the M.W. the Grand 
Master of the Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. 
of Canada, has, by the power vested in 
him suspended the above named brethren 
and others from all rights, benefits and 
privileges of the Order of Freemasonry, 
such suspensions to continue in full 
force during his pleasure or until the 



EDEN LODGE Page 92 



Grand Lodge of Canada shall have taken 
action thereon. 

The M.W. the Grand Master further 
directs and requires that you will not, 
under any pretence whatever , hold Masonic 
intercourse with the brethren within 
named or with any brother who is in sym- 
pathy with/ or recognizes the authority 
of, the so-called "Grand Lodge of Ont- 
ario". 

Given under my hand and the seal 
of the Grand Lodge / at the City of 
Hamilton/ this 22nd day of Febr- 
uary, A.L. 587 6. By command of 
the M.W. the Grand Master. 

J.J. Mason 
Grand Secretary 



Bro. John H. Ley, alone appealed against 
the suspension, denying that he was in any way 
connected with the movement, and, at his 
request, the Grand Master issued a commission 
to three Right Worshipful Brethren, authoriz- 
ing them to inquire into the matter, to take 
evidence touching the appeal of Bro. Ley and 
also concerning the action taken by the other 
brethren named. That evidence, together with 
their report was to be submitted to Grand 
Lodge for it's consideration. 

The commission appointed by the Grand 
Master, having reviewed all of the evidence 
available, concurred in the suspensions meted 
out by the Grand Master to forty-eight breth- 
ren named in his address, and, recommended 

EDEN LODGE Page 93 



further punishment to all but six. Accord- 
ingly it was moved , seconded and resolved 
"that this Grand Lodge hereby declare the 
following brethren, namely, (here follows 
forty-two names) having been duly called at 
the portals of Grand Lodge, and having failed 
to answer or appear, are herby severally 
excluded and expelled from all the rights, 
benefits and privileges of Freemasonry, of 
which all Lodges and Masons will take notice 
and govern themselves accordingly." 

Of the remaining six, it was recommended 
that the suspensions of five be continued 
until the next annual Communication of Grand 
Lodge and, that the suspension of the one 
remaining be removed on his giving satis- 
factory assurance to the M.W. the Grand Mas- 
ter, of loyalty to this Grand Lodge. Of those 
expelled, the D.D.G.M. for the London Dis- 
trict, W.D. McGloghlon, who had earlier been 
replaced in that office, was included. 

There is a ledger in existence, which has on 
it f s cover title plate bearing the name"Eden 
G.R.O." Some of the names of those expelled, 
as listed on Page 158 of the Proceedings for 
1876, appear in this ledger, as well as many 
others. The ledger appears to be a record of 
dues paid by the various members of the lodge, 
commending June 9th, 1876, with the last entry 
June 15th, 1892. The writing in many cases is 
difficult to decipher, but there are instan- 
ces where some members are shown as suspended. 

November 2nd, 1876, a special communication 
of the Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M. of Canada was 
opened at 2:30 P.M. at the Masonic Hall, 
London, Ontario. The purpose of this meeting 

EDEN LODGE Page 94 



was the laying of the cornerstone of the new 
building being erected for the London Mechan- 
ic 's Institute. 

The scroll, read by R. Wor. Bro. J.J. Mason, 
Grand Secretary, reads in part "The corner- 
stone of the London Mechanic's Institute was 
laid by James Kirkpatrick Kerr Q.C., M.W. 
Grand Master attended and assisted by the 
Grand Officers and a large concourse of breth- 
ren, in accordance with the ancient usages of 
Masonry , which may God prosper." The rele- 
vance of this meeting to the subject of this 
paper is, amongst the names of the officers of 
the Institute listed on that scroll, are those 
of J. O'Connor and W. W. Fitzgerald, who had 
been expelled at the recent Communication of 
Grand Lodge. Page 321 of the History of 
Middlesex County (1889) , also shows F. West- 
lake and J.R. Peel as respectively, past 
president and an officer of the Institute, 
both of whom were prominent members of the 
clandestine "Grand Lodge of Ontario" and had 
also been expelled from the Grand Lodge of 
Canada, 

The following Annual Communication of Grand 
Lodge, which assembled at St. Catherines, 
Ontario, commencing the 12th day of September 
1877, heard M.W. the Grand Master make mention 
in his address of the large turnout at the 
cornerstone laying ceremony, not only of 
Masons but also the citizens of London. He 
stated, "This demonstration gave ample proof 
that neither the Craft belonging to the Forest 
City of the West, nor the good people of that 
locality, have any sympathy with the action of 
the little band of discontents, whose mis- 
guided action has entailed such disastrous 

EDEN LODGE Page 95 



consequences upon themselves/ etc." I find 
this statement, insofar as it pertains to the 
"good people of the locality" somewhat pre- 
sumptuous; for if the good people of the 
locality today are representative of the good 
people at that time, they knew little or 
nothing about the happenings in Freemasonry 
and in all probability cared less. 

The Grand Master also suggested in his ad- 
dress, that he might be empowered by Grand 
Lodge to take such action as may be just and 
proper with individual cases of those who, 
through misunderstanding, may have been 
induced to join the G.L.O. 

On the motion to adopt the report of the 
Grand Master an amendment was moved "Resolved 
- that the report of the Board of General 
Purposes just read on the excellent address of 
the M. Wor. the Grand Master be not adopted, 
but that it be referred back to the Board with 
instructions for the same/ by approving the 
suggestions of the M. Wor. the Grand Master 
concerning the dealing with such of the per- 
sons expelled by Grand Lodge last year, as may 
evince due contrition for their heinous off- 
ence and, seek restoration to membership; and 
also to deal in a spirit of justice with such 
other persons as may have since associated 
themselves with so-called holding with these 
expelled Masons. 11 

It was then moved "that the report of the 
Board of General Purposes be amended in pursu- 
ance of the resolution of Grand Lodge, and 
that as amended, the same be adopted." At 

this session of Grand Lodge, a communication 
was received from C.A. Conover who, whilst 

EDEN LODGE Page 96 



being the Wor. Master of Kilwinning No. 64, 
was one of the petitioning brethren reques- 
ting a warrant for Eden Lodge and subsequently 
expelled. In his letter, addressed to the M. 
Wor. Grand Master, Officers and Members of 
Grand Lodge, he expressed regret for the 
errors he had committed and applied for re- 
instatement. 

M. Wor. Bro. W.H. Weller, presiding at the 
Twenty-third Annual Communication of Grand 
Lodge assembled in Toronto, commencing on the 
11th day of September, 1878, reported in his 
address the following. He had favourably 
received the petition of Bro. C.A. Connover 
and restored him to good standing, as well as 
"healing" all of the members (with one excep- 
tion) of a lodge in Toronto known as Heathcote 
Lodge, on receipt of their petition applying 
for the same. He at the same time, stated 
that he trusted this was the beginning of the 
end of the "Ontario" movement. 

This brings us to an eventful Annual Com- 
munication, commencing the 10th day of Sep- 
tember, 1979, assembling in the City of King- 
ston. M. Wor. Bro. Weller, opened his address 
by stating that in the year just closed, he 
had issued dispensations for eleven new lod- 
ges including King Solomon's Lodge, Peters- 
ville, and Union Lodge, London. At the close 
of his address, he stated "It will be grati- 
fying to you to learn that what was called the 
Grand Lodge of Ontario has ceased to exist. 
The seal used by it has been delivered up to 
be, and has been, destroyed, and the other 
formalities considered necessary for it's 
extinction have been complied with." This 
statement, as events will show, proved to be 

EDEN LODGE Page 97 



more than somewhat premature. Later on in the 
session, the recommendation by the Board of 
General Purposes that warrants be granted to 
the above mentioned lodges, was approved by 
Grand Lodge. 

This history of King Solomon's Lodge No. 
378 entitled The First Hundred Years, informs 
us that the first meeting of the lodge was 
held on Wednesday June 23rd, 1879, in the 
Village of Petersville, subsequently London 
West) for the purpose of instituting the new 
lodge. Further on in that history, we find 
"In the course of the evening, one petition 
for initiation was received, as well as eleven 
applications for affiliation from members of 
Joppa Lodge, which was then working under the 
clandestine Grand Lodge of Ontario." These 
members of Joppa Lodge were balloted for and 
accepted at a later date. As requested by 
Grand Lodge, they were 'healed' by being re- 
obligated in all three degrees. 

The 100 Year History of Union Lodge No. 380 
G.R.C. shows that it's first meeting took 
place August 22nd, 1879, all of the elected 
officers, with the exception of the chaplain 
and tyler, being former members of Eden Lodge, 
now defunct. Seventy four names were read 
which had been approved at Grand Lodge and at 
this meeting, sixteen master-masons, six 
fellow craft and four entered apprentices 
were administered the 'healing' obligation. 
The remainder were healed and obligated at 
various later dates. 

It is interesting to note that the first 
master of Union Lodge was Wor. Bro. W.H. 
Street, who was one of the brethren originally 

EDEN LODGE Page 98 



petitioning a warrant for Eden Lodge, Bro. 
O.J. Bridle, who was elected inner guard, was 
a master-mason from Eden, eventually master 
of Union and appointed Grand Steward in 1893. 
The Secretary Pro Tern for the inaugural meet- 
ing was W.W. Fitzgerald, the original Wor. 
Master of Eden Lodge. 

One would think at this stage, this would be 
the end of the Grand Lodge of' Ontario, but 
such was not to be the case. The Grand Lodge 
publication Whence Come We? succinctly 
records the following: "The constituent 
lodges which had received warrants from the 
so-called Grand Lodge of Ontario continued in 
existence. Scores of men who had joined them 
laboured under the impression that they were 
regularly made Freemasons. The successive 
reports of the District Deputy Grand Masters 
as well as the Grand Masters give evidence of 
individual brethren and even whole lodges 
being "healed 1 from time to time. The supply , 
however, seemed inexhaustible." 

During his address to the 25th Annual Com- 
munication of Grand Lodge at Guelph in July 
1880, M.W. Bro. Jas A. Henderson referred to 
the healing and restoring of former members of 
the Grand Lodge of Ontario, and the D.D.G.M. 
for St. Clair District reported the estab- 
lishment of a lodge called Temple Lodge, under 
the G.L. of O. The D.D.G.M. for Hamilton 
District reported establishing a lodge called 
Doric U.D. , which asked permission to heal and 
affiliate such persons as would be found 
acceptable, who were lately members of the 
G.L. of O. The D.D.G.M. for the Toronto 
District reported four members of a lodge 
known as Good Intent and one from a lodge 

EDEN LODGE Page 99 



called Mizpah, were healed in King Solomon ! s 
Lodge No. 22. 

The next Annual Communication in Hamilton, 
July 1881, received the information that 
spurious lodge in St. Thomas had been disb- 
anded, with a number of the members applying 
for healing and affiliation. Huron District 
reported the establishment of a lodge at Eden 
Grove and one at Pinkerton, under the auspices 
of the Grand Lodge of Ontario. An interesting 
piece of information comes to light in the 
report of the D.D.G.M. for London District, at 
the communication assembled July 1882 at 
London. It reveals that R. Wor. Bro. W.D. 
McGloghlon had acting for him in instituting 
a new lodge at Harrietsville. (Bro. Mc- 
Gloghlon had been D.D.G.M. for the London 
District as well as an original member of Eden 
Lodge and had been healed into Union Lodge No. 
380.) 

M.W. Bro. Daniel Spry, at the Annual Com- 
munication held at Toronto in July, 1883, 
reported that he had received numerous appli- 
cations from persons who had become members by 
initiation of the so-called Grand Lodge of 
Ontario requesting to be healed. He had 
declined all such applications, pointing out 
that if they desired to become masons in this 
province, they should petition one of the reg- 
ularly warranted lodges on the register of the 
Grand Lodge. He stated that several have fol- 
lowed the advice given them and in one locali- 
ty, all the members of one of these illegal 
bodies had made application individually to a 
proper lodge, had been balloted for, accepted 
and initiated. In 1885, the D.D.G.M. for St. 
Clair District reported the establishing of a 

EDEN LODGE Page 100 






lodge at Tilbury under the so-called Grand 
Lodge of Ontario, and in 1886, one was estab- 
lished in Brockville. 

M.W. Bro. Henry Robertson, in his address 
to Grand Lodge at it's Annual Communication at 
Toronto, July 1988, stated that he had granted 
twenty-eight dispensations to heal persons 
who, through want of knowledge or misrepre- 
sentations of others, had been led to connect 
themselves with irregular or clandestine 
lodges. He also outlined the procedure 
adopted by him to bring about the process of 
healing, including the fee thereof. The 
D.D.G.M. for Toronto District also reported 
the healing of seventeen members, also that no 
further trace of the Grand Lodge of Ontario 
could be found in the District, as the one 
lodge which sojourned with them had expired 
and it's innocent misguided members applying 
for membership in District lodges. 

Reports of the healing of former members of 
the Grand Lodge of Ontario continued from 1889 
through 1895 inclusive and , the D.D.G.M. for 
the Toronto District, at the Annual Communi- 
cation assembled at Belleville on July 15th, 
1896, reported that an emergent meeting of 
Rehoboam Lodge No. , 65 had healed thirty-five 
former members of the clandestine Grand Lodge 
and also, three master-masons had been healed 
in Harmony Lodge U.D. The D.D.G.M. of St. 
Lawrence District also reported healing five 
so-called Ontario masons at Brockville. At 
that same communication, the Grand Master, 
M.W. Bro. W.R. White, in his address reported 
the following: 



EDEN LODGE Page 101 



"I am very much pleased to be able to report 
to this Grand Lodge , that during the past year 
(pursuant to the authority granted at our last 
meeting) , such arrangements have been made 
with the members of this organization as will 
effectually sweep this body out of existence 
for, I trust, all time to come. Their chart- 
er, granted by the Provincial Government, has 
been transferred to myself and the Grand 
Secretary, as trustees for this Grand Lodge; 
all warrants issued to subordinate lodges, 
the seal and all other books and property of 
this so-called body have been or are being 
delivered up and , are now in possession of 
this Grand Lodge. Many of them have applied 
for affiliation to our lodges and are now 
active and useful members of this Grand Body. 
The surrender is voluntary and complete. - 
. . • the only concession granted being that 
members of the extinct body holding the rank 
of Past Master therein, are to concede that 
rank in any of our lodges with which they may 
affiliate or to which they may be admitted." 

Thus, to all intents and purposes, the 
Grand Lodge of Ontario and it's affiliated 
lodges ceased to exist. But, on examining all 
of the events in retrospect, I feel that it 
should not have happened in the first place, 
or it could have been prevented. 

You will recall, at the beginning of this 
paper, that the existing five lodges in the 
City of London had received request from two 
lodges operating U.D., Corinthian and Eden, 
soliciting their support in obtaining warr- 
ants. You will also recall that support for 
Corinthian was not only unanimous, also rec- 
ommendations for concurrent jurisdiction for 

EDEN LODGE Page 102 



that lodge were forwarded to Grand Lodge by 
those existing lodges. On the other hand, 
support for Eden Lodge was voted down by 
enough lodges existing in the city to serve 
all that the population warranted. 

Although it might be argued that Corinthian 
was being in the Village of London East, the 
boundary of that village and the City of 
London was Adelaide Street, only eight blocks 
(or as any person who is familiar with the 
city can testify) a brisk 15 minute walk from 
the corner of Richmond and Dundas Streets, the 
area in which the London Masonic Temple was 
situated. Also, when you take into account 
that within three years, two more lodges were 
established, one in Petersville, (London 
West) whose boundary, the North Branch of the 
River Thames, was even closer to London Temple 
than that of London East. I think myself that 
a more striking example of ambiguity would be 
hard to find. 

In addition, after researching all of the 
material I had available, I developed a feel- 
ing that personalities may have entered into 
the picture. You will recall that when Grand 
Lodge laid the corner-stone for the London 
Mechanic's Institute, four individuals who 
were or had been officers of that body, had 
been prominent among those petitioning for 
the establishment of Eden Lodge. The History 
of Middlesex County 1889 reveals that the 
recording secretary of the Institute, who was 
also secretary of the Finance Committee of the 
London Masonic Temple, was in office at the 
same time as some of those brethren. Also, 
his name seems to continually come to the fore 
amongst those who most strongly opposed the 

EDEN LODGE Page 103 



establishment of Eden Lodge. Could this be 
more than coincidence? 

Subsequently, at the 1875 Annual Communic- 
ation, Eden's petition for warrant was 
denied, whilst that of Corinthian was granted 
and a motion passed to include them 
masonically as part of London City. Eden were 
also informed that they must surrender their 
dispensation, inform the Grand Secretary of 
the work accomplished to date and, on giving 
up the dispensation in their possession, ,they 
would be granted another enabling them to pass 
and raise the candidates they had initiated. 
I think you will agree that they realized that 
once that was accomplished, it was the end of 
Eden Lodge. 

I do not condone the action these brethren 
subsequently took, but is it not possible that 
they felt, to put it bluntly, that they were 
being f shafted 1 and had no other recourse? In 
view of the fact that the events happened so 
long ago and those concerned have long since 
departed from our midst, it is next to imposs- 
ible to ascertain with any accuracy what might 
have been the end result if the matter had 
been handled with more diplomacy. As I stated 
in the forward to this paper, bureaucracy does 
exist in the Masonry Fraternity from time to 
time and our leaders, like others, cannot see 
the forest for the trees. 

Is it not possible that if the first funda- 
mental principle of Freemasonry (brotherly 
love) had prevailed, as well as had some of 
the wisdom and talents of the late William 
Mercer Wilson been available, the whole 



EDEN LODGE Page 104 



unhappy event could have been avoided? 
leave it to you to arrive at the answer. 



EDEN LODGE Page 105 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 

Annual Proceedings Grand Lodge of Canada. 
1875 - 1896 inclusive. 

History of Grand Lodge of Canada. A.F. & A.M. 
in the Province of Ontario. W.S.Herrington. 

Whence Come We? Freemasonry in Ontario. 1764 

- 1980. 

History of Middlesex County (1889) . 

Ontario Freemasonry 1855 to the Present. 
V.Wor. Bro. Roy S. Foley, P.G.S., Vol. 1., 
C.M.R.A. Papers. 

The Tuscan Lodge No. 195. J.J. Talman. 

Kilwinning Lodge No. 64. A.F. & A.M. 
G.R.C, Centennial 1856 - 1956. 

Centennial of St. Georges Lodge No. 42. 1853 

- 1953. 

100 Year History of Union Lodge No. 380. 
G.R.C. , 1879 - 1979. 

The First Hundred Years. King Solomon's Lodge 
No. 378. A.F. & A.M. G.R.C, 1879 -1979. 

Historical Sketch. St. John's Lodge No. 20 
G.R.C. , 



EDEN LODGE Page 106 



REVIEWS OF PAPER PRESENTED TO 
THE HERITAGE LODGE 

May 19 , 1990 

by 

R.W. Bro. Frank A. Standring 

titled 

Eden Lodge - The Grand Lodge of 



FIRST REVIEW - was prepared by R. W. Bro. 
Edward S. P. Carson, Life Member of the Heri- 
tage Lodge, and Life member of Union Lodge 
No. 380, the successor to Eden Lodge. 

To begin, I must thank R. W. Bro. Edwin Drew 
for the honour of being chosen to review this 
paper of my good friend R.W. Bro. Frank Stan- 
dring. I trust he will still be my good 
friend after this review. By virtue of my 
membership in Union Lodge and my interest in 
it's history, I have previously spent some 
time on research to the happenings of Eden 
Lodge and the formation of the Grand Lodge of 
Ontario. 

R.W. Bro. Frank Standring f s knowledge, his 
diligence, his energy, his enthusiasm, his 
research capacity and his controversial 
nature are familiar to all who know him in the 
London Districts and this paper particularly 
demonstrates this. His choice of what most 
consider a controversial topic and what many 
in the past have considered best left unsaid, 

EDEN LODGE Page 107 



certainly gives us all a much better insight 
into some of the early problems in our Lodges 
and spells out some of the reason for the 
present extra long formal title of "The Grand 
Lodge of Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons of 
Canada, in the Province of Ontario 1 . 

The formation of Eden Lodge under dispen- 
sation c. 1876 until the healing of the memb- 
ers, mostly in Union Lodge No. 380 on October 
13th, 1879, is a period of history that has 
been, I am sure, very difficult to research 
because of the f pain and hurt 1 of the brethren 
of the time choosing not to record all of the 
animosity and difficulties encountered. 

The 'London Difficulty 1 , as Frank states,, 
could probably have been avoided. With the 
personalities of Grand Lodge officers obvi- 
ously lacking in diplomacy and certainly, if 
you read between the lines, the personalities 
of Officers of the Lodges already established 
in London, being questionable, it is a wonder 
Frank did not lay the blame totally in their 
lap. The ill-fated Grand Lodge of Ontario did 
not survive but it should have never been. 
Think, had William Mercer Wilson been alive, 
he would have handled it differently, don't 
you think? 

The paper aptly sets out the circumstances 
and I trust has whet your appetites for more 
information. There may be some details that 
Frank has assumed and may not be accurate to 
the letter of the law, but I find the supposi- 
tions he has made to be reasonable. The 
problems of St. John's 20 and 209a give rise 
to a whole new paper, ,as would Tilbury, Brock- 
ville, Rehoboam Lodge No. 65 and Harmony 

EDEN LODGE Page 108 



Lodge, Heathcote Lodge, Joppa Lodge and 
others of the Grand Lodge of Ontario. What 
appeared in our history as a 'difficulty 1 
lasting at least 21 years-1875 to 1896, and 
maybe through undercurrents, even longer! 

Thanks Frank for being kind and generous in 
your comments, you could have been cruel and 
merciless but time and circumstances have a 
healing effect. Thanks also for. shedding fur- 
ther light, even in a dark closet, of our his- 
tory. 

Edward S.P. Carson 



SECOND REVIEW - was prepared by R.W. Bro. 
James J. Talman, Member of The Heritage Lodge. 

It is safe to say that we have heard the 
final word on Eden Lodge and the ill-conceived 
Grand Lodge of Ontario. Frank Standring has 
read everything available on the subject. He 
raises the question of personalities and here 
we are in an area where we shall almost cer- 
tainly never have the answers. Apparently 
none of the individuals involved left letters 
or diaries. Actually not many key people were 
involved. If we knew what Francis West lake, 
John R. Peel, William H. Street. James Francis 
Latimer, and William Weir Fitzgerald had in 
mind we should know a great deal more than we 
do. Clearly, some of the brethren of the time 
thought that London was not ready for two new 
lodges and voted accordingly. But in view of 
the harsh expressions used we must accept 
Brother Standrings opinion that brotherly 
love was lacking on all sides. Matters should 
never have been allowed to develop as they 
did. 

EDEN LODGE Page 109 



The formation of the Grand lodge of Ontario 
must be explained as the product of the frus- 
tration of a few individuals and not as a 
grass roots movement for change. Brother Sta- 
ndring has made a real contribution in showing 
the legal status of the Grand Lodge of 
Ontario. The individuals involved must have 
had strong feelings when they carried their 
feelings as far as they did. 

Brother Standring also adds greatly to our 
knowledge in showing how well the Grand Lodge 
of Ontario succeeded. As a member and past 
master of The Tuscan Lodge , 195, I have 
always thought that Tuscan played a leading 
role in "healing" the members of the G.L.O. 
who were later accepted into our Grand Lodge. 
This paper shows that a great many lodges 
played a part. Rehoboam Lodge No. 65 healed 
no fewer than thirty-five members of the clan- 
destine Grand Lodge. On November 4, 1895, The 
Tuscan Lodge received a letter from the 
D.D.G.M., R.W. Bro. Rutherford, of Aylmer, 
saying that he would like to heal a number of 
members of the "so-called Grand Lodge of 
Ontario" at the next meeting. The Lodge 
granted the request. 

On December 2, the D.D.G.M., by the author- 
ity of the Grand Master healed Bro. James B. 
Hodgins in the first, second and third 
degrees. The "number of members" turned out 
to be only one. However, he must have been 
one of the last members of the Grand Lodge of 
Ontario to be accepted in our Grand Lodge. 
Indeed, he may have been the last as the date 
of the Rehoboam Lodge meeting is not given. 



EDEN LODGE Page 110 



Frank Standring is to be congratulated on 
getting the record down, once and for all. 

James J. Talman 



REBUTTAL 

by 

R.W. Bro. Frank A. Standring 

As a prelude to my comments on the reviews 
of my paper by Bros. Carson and Talman, it is, 
perhaps, only fitting that I should thank them 
both for taking the time to complete the 
review and for their many kind remarks. 

I note that they both, in general, agree 
with the points and suppositions that were put 
forward in the paper and as Bro. Talman 
states, "It is safe to say that we have heard 
the final word on Eden Lodge and the ill- 
conceived Grand Lodge of Ontario." Let us 
hope he is correct. 

Bro. Carson states in his remarks "The 
problems of St. John;s 20 and 209a give rise 
to a whole new paper" and I must confess the 
thought has crossed my mind. Perhaps I might 
attempt it in the future. 

In conclusion, may I add this final adden- 
dum to the paper. During my research, I found 
no reference to a "healing" of Francis West- 
lake, possibly the prime mover in the events 
portrayed. The History of Middlesex County 
1889, records that a Francis Westlake was 
issued a temperance license in 1856. He was 

(continued on page 130) 

EDEN LODGE Page 111 



MASONIC PAPERS 
A REAL CONCERN* 

by 

R. W. Bro. Jack Pos 



Since the 'Founder's Meeting', May 18, 
1977, no fewer than 40 papers have been pres- 
ented by The Heritage Lodge in various Lodge 
rooms throughout the Jurisdiction. 

The first paper titled "The Old Charges* 1 

was presented by R.W. Bro. Wallace E. McLeod. 
Reviews of the paper were prepared by V.W. 
Bro. J. Lawrence Runnals, W. Bro. Allan J. 
Cohoe, and Bro. John E. Taylor. M.W. Bro. 
William K. Bailey, in thanking Bro. McLeod, 
pointed out to the Brethren that they had been 
privileged, in this inaugural paper present- 
ation, to have such a firm foundation estab- 
lished for future presentations. 

In the past several years, this firm foun- 
dation is not only being eroded, but in addit- 
ion, we appear to be drifting away from the 
original "Purpose and Objectives 1 as recorded 
in the By-Laws of The Heritage Lodge. To 
refresh your memory, allow me to recall two of 
the seven from ARTICLE III: 



* Paper presented to the Lodge Committee on 
General Purposes, August 15, 1990. 

MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page112 



3. To produce Lodge Proceedings, Research 
Papers, and Historical Reviews; and to 
arrange special lectures and visual pre- 
sentations. 

7. To encourage Masonic Scholars and 
Lodge Historians to become more inter- 
ested in the history of their own Lodge 
and its artifacts. 



In retrospect, these are 'Motherhood' 
statements with which we are not likely to 
find much disagreement. Unfortunately, the 
majority of masons will assume that, since 
they are not Masonic Scholars or Historians, 
therefore, they need not be concerned with 
their application; after all, when would they 
ever be called upon to produce a Research 
Paper or prepare a Historical Review. Not a 
very inspiring or productive perspective? 
Perhaps we made a poor choice of words in 
drafting the original 'Objectives'? Surely 
each one of us has something of interest 
either from personal experience, travels 
abroad or information we have read that is of 
potential interest to a brother mason? 

Perhaps the real question should be, not 
'Can I' , but 'How can I'? The answer for which 
can be found in the Lodge Proceedings 1983-84, 
Vol. #7, pgs 4-19, in a paper titled "Pre- 
paring a Paper for Presentation in The Heri- 
tage Lodge" by R.W. Bro. W.E. McLeod. Not only 
does Bro. McLeod demonstrate a simple, sys- 
tematic and convenient procedure, but he 
presents valid arguments to encourage the 
novice or inexperienced writer to get 
involved in masonic research. 



MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page113 



However our real concern, at the present 
time, is the potential erosion of our •firm 
foundation 1 . Hard copy papers are not always 
being produced, several of our more recent 
presentations are nothing more than 'talks in 
the lodge 1 , and these are frequently without 
notes. Transcriptions of these talks are 
extremely laborious and not always accurate. 
The documented review process is scuttled, 
and while the informal discussions which 
follow may be of interest to those in attend- 
ance, the much larger reading audience is 
deprived of the information. If something is 
not done to reverse the trend toward the 
erosion of our fundamental purpose and the 
enlightenment of those members who are not 
always able to be present at our meetings, 
then the lodge can expect an increasing number 
of resignations from more and more dis- 
enchanted members. 

Perhaps a review of the normal procedure is 
in order to investigate the possibilities of 
certain problems that relate to the tradi- 
tional system and which may reveal solutions 
for improvement. 

The following is a brief outline of the 
required procedure, when someone has volun- 
teered to present a paper at a regular meeting 
of The Heritage Lodge. The procedure is simi- 
lar to that required by other Research Lodges 
such as Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076, 
London, England; The Lodge of Research No. 
2429, Leicester, England; Masters' and Past 
Masters' Lodge No. 130, Christchurch, New 
Zealand; and The Western Australian Lodge of 
Research No. 277, Perth, Australia. 



MASONIC PAPERS cont'd PagelU 



The Heritage Lodge Committee on » Masonic 
Information 1 , is charged with the responsibi- 
lity of obtaining speakers as indicated in the 
Lodge By-Laws: 

"ARTICLE VIII - DUTIES OF COMMITTEES 

MASONIC INFORMATION 

5. The Committee on Masonic Information 
shall be guided by the first three objec- 
tives (ARTICLE III) established by the 
Lodge. The Members of the Committee shall 
be responsible for planning the non-busi- 
ness portion of all Regular Meetings of 
the Lodge at least one year in advance 
and preferably two years in advance on a 
continuing basis. They shall also be 
responsible, with the approval and as- 
sistance of the Worshipful Master and 
Secretary, for planning the details of 
Lodge Visitations and working together 
with the Committees on Visitation & Tran- 
sportation" (These two committees are no 
longer operational) . 

When the acceptance of the proposed paper, 
and the date of presentation has been conf- 
irmed, the author is required to submit to the 
Committee on Masonic Information, a hard copy 
of the final paper at least 13 weeks before 
the date of presentation in order to comply 
with the following schedule of events. The 
schedule is based on the assumption that mail 
can be delivered between correspondents 
within 7 days. 

ASSUMED SCHEDULE OF EVENTS 



MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page115 



Week 



No 



0, 



Week No . 1 , 
Weeks 2 & 3, 



Week 


No. 


4, 


Weeks 


5 - 


1 , 


Week 


No. 


8, 


Week 


No. 


9, 



Week No. 10 , 
Weeks 11-13, 



Paper sent by the Author to 
the Committee on Masonic In- 
formation (herein referred to 
as the f Committee ' ) . 
Mail delivery. 

Committee makes copies of the 
paper, and sends a copy to 
each reviewer. Reviewers (no 
fewer than two) should have 
been contacted and confirmed 
when the paper was first com- 
mitted. A copy of the paper 
is also sent to the Editor of 
the Lodge Proceedings. 
Mail delivery. 

Review papers and mail 
reviews to the Committee. 
Mail delivery. 

Committee receives and 
assembles all reviews, makes 
copies and sends a complete 
set to the Author and the 
Editor. 

Mail delivery. 

Author has 2 weeks before the 
date of presentation in the 
Lodge to read the reviews and 
prepare a written rebuttal to 
be presented in the Lodge. 



For a typical year in The Heritage Lodge, 
where normally three papers with reviews are 
presented annually (September, March and 
May) , the time for receipt of papers by the 
Lodge Committee on Masonic Information should 
be as follows: 

For September meeting, Author sends draft 
of his paper by the fourth week in June. 



MASONIC PAPERS cont'd 



Page116 



For March meeting, Author sends draft of 
his paper by the third week in December. 

For May meeting, Author sends draft of his 
paper by the third week in February. 

The above schedule of events is based on the 
minimum allowable time and does not provide 
for delays in mail delivery, sickness, holi- 
days or other extenuating circumstances. If 
postal strikes are eminent, then delivery may 
have to be by courier or in person, in which 
case some time may be reduced; but only allow- 
ing 3 weeks for volunteers to prepare a review 
may not be sufficient. 

Of course the above schedule commences 
after the author has prepared his paper, which 
can easily take from 6 to 12 months, hence the 
necessity for 1 to 2 years advance planning. 

Perhaps a combined meeting of the various 
Committees and people involved with this very 
important part of the Lodge activities should 
be convened to draft a suitable schedule of 
events that will be mutually beneficial to 
everyone, including the listening and reading 
audience as well as those concerned with the 
publication of the Lodge Proceedings; or a 
Special Meeting of the Committee of General 
Purposes. 

Also, a small package should be developed 
consisting of instructions to the Author as to 
paper format (headings, margins, footnotes, 
referencing, bibliographies, etc.) , sample or 
recent copy of Lodge Proceedings (if author is 
not a member of The Heritage Lodge) , and a 
time schedule of events. This information 
should be sent (possibly by the Editor) to the 

MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page 11 7 



Author as soon as the title and date of his 
presentation has been confirmed. The covering 
letter should express the appreciation of the 
Lodge to the Author for his kindness and 
willingness to prepare and present a paper for 
the Lodge; and also to offer any assistance 
the Author may require in researching infor- 
mation for his subject. 

Another matter of concern relates to the 
current lack of activity in addressing items 
4, 6 and 7 of the Lodge Objectives as recorded 
in the 'Preface 1 of the Lodge By-Laws: 

"4. To organize and maintain a 'Central 
Inventory 1 of items of historical inter- 
est in the possession of Lodges. 

6. To endeavour to establish a 'Masonic 
Museum' . 

7 . To encourage Masonic Scholars and 
Lodge Historians to become more inter- 
ested in the history of their own Lodges 
and their artifacts." 

Since this constituted more than 42% of the 
Lodge Objectives, two Standing Committees 
were formed and their terms of reference, as 
well as their composition, established (see 
Lodge By-Laws, ARTICLE VII, Sections 5 and 6) 
to address these issues namely: the committee 
on the 'CENTRAL DATA BANK' , and the committee 
on the 'MASONIC MUSEUM'. 

One of the earlier Chairmen of the commit- 
tee on the Central Data Bank, R.W. Bro. Bal- 
four LeGresley, started a procedure for cata- 
loguing known masonic artifacts (in many 
cases he personally visited Lodges throughout 

MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page118 



the jurisdiction to photograph items of his- 
torical interest) . Brother LeGresley also 
encouraged many of these Lodges to refurbish 
the article and put it on prominent display in 
their lodge building. 

In another instance, Bro. LeGresley was 
instrumental in not only researching the 
information of a historical gavel used in a 
German prisoner of war camp, but also having 
four replicas made; three for use by the three 
principal officers of University Lodge, and 
the fourth, suitably mounted, for the 
archives of The Heritage Lodge. In recent 
years, the lodge has not received any reports 
of the activities of this committee. 

When The Heritage Lodge was first formed in 
1977, much activity centred around the possi- 
bility of purchasing the residence of our 
First Grand Master in the Town of Simcoe. The 
plan was to refurbish the present commercial- 
ized building (located just across Norfolk 
Street from the Norfolk County Museum) into a 
Masonic Museum, and to recreate a typical 
lodge meeting room for use by visiting lodges 
for historical meetings; and to provide resi- 
dence accommodation for the 'Curator 1 in one 
of the four commercial apartments. 

However, because of limited finances at the 
time, and the urgency of the project in the 
Black Creek Pioneer Village, the establish- 
ment of a masonic museum was put on hold for 
the time being. The outgrowth of Black Creek 
Pioneer Village Project was the establishment 
of a Special Committee "Black Creek Masonic 
Heritage Committee 1 . Their function was to be 
restricted to the operation and maintenance 
of the Lodge Room and the maintenance only of 

MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page119 



the Vault in conjunction with the M.T. & 
R.C.A., and that the use of the Vault be 
assigned to an appropriate Heritage Lodge 
Committee. 

The committee on the 'Masonic Museum 1 was 
apparently discontinued in 1984; or at least 
there has not been a chairman appointed since 
1984. 

Early this year, R.W. Bro. Ed Ralph, pres- 
ented a six page report titled 'Display & 
Storage of Masonic Artifacts (Proposals for a 
Masonic Museum) , to the Committee of General 
Purposes. One of the recommendations dealt 
with the concrete basement vault at the Black 
Creek Pioneer Village and stated "Sell the 
facility back to the Black Creek Pioneer 
Village and start over again looking for a 
more appropriate place to meet our needs". 

A number of alternatives were proposed 
under the following headings: 

1. William Mercer Wilson Museum 

2 . City of Hamilton Museum 

3 . City of Toronto Museum 

4. Wellington District Museum 

5. Hamilton Masonic Memorial Building 

Perhaps a review of the responsibilities 
and the composition of a number of Standing 
Committees will reveal duplication of work 
and the need for consolidation of effort. A 
suggestion would be the amalgamation of the 
two committees into a single committee deal- 
ing with the establishment of a Masonic Museum 
and the acquisition, cataloguing, display and 
storage of masonic artifacts including books, 
manuscripts, and other historical records. 

MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page120 



Members of the committee should include the 
Archivist, Librarian, Curator, Historian and 
several members at large. This could elimin- 
ate the need for individual reports from at 
least 4 lodge officers, as they would be 
combined with the Committee Report. 



THE PROBLEM 

There is an apparent conflict or break down 
in communications between the structured 
organization of a craft lodge or, for our 
purposes, the regular officers of the lodge, 
and the various organized working groups 
(Standing and Special Committees) under the 
committee of General Purposes. 

The former, under normal circumstances, is 
the major working force of the Craft Lodge, 
and their main purpose (apart from charit- 
able, social, and educational activities) is 
the conferring of degrees and the administra- 
tion associated therewith. The non-business 
portion, not including degree work, is 
usually of minor importance, and therefore 
the officers of a regular lodge have a major 
responsibility in the planning and operation 
of lodge activities. As a consequence, the 
Worshipful Master with the assistance of the 
officers must assume a great deal of respon- 
sibility in planning and conducting the acti- 
vities for the year. 

Historical or Research Lodges, on the other 
hand, have a reverse situation. In this 
instance, the Officers of the lodge and the 
system of progression of office, provide the 
organizational structure and measure of 

MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page121 



continuity to provide the framework for lon- 
gevity (history has demonstrated that many 
research lodges or similar fellowship clubs 
have ceased to exist when the founding members 
were no longer able to be active) . Those 
activities, which do not include the confer- 
ring of degrees, and which are referred to as 
the non-business portion of the lodge meeti- 
ng, constitute the major activity of The 
Heritage Lodge. Most of these activities 
overlap, by several years, the term of office 
of the lodge officers; and therefore a more 
long-term administrative procedure is 
required, which should not be affected by the 
annual change of lodge officers. 

Currently, periodical reports and recom- 
mendations dealing with both long-term and 
short-term projects are presented and dis- 
cussed at the General Purpose Committee meet- 
ings. The recommendations are summarized and 
presented by the Chairman of the Committee to 
the members of the Lodge at the next Regular 
Meeting of the Lodge for action. Presumably, 
action is followed up by the Worshipful Mast- 
er, and herein lies the problem or breakdown 
in the implementation of those recommenda- 
tions contained in the report of the Committee 
of General Purposes. 



THE SOLUTION 

Frequently, the Worshipful Master is 
required to initiate or appoint someone to 
implement the recommendations proposed at a 
regular lodge meeting. Very often this action 
is delayed and sometimes forgotten for lack of 
volunteers . 



MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page122 



The objective in having the Chairman of the 
Committee of General Purposes prepare and 
present a single report, is to save time at 
the regular lodge meeting; the Chairman also 
makes the motion, with a pre-arranged 
seconder, to instruct the Treasurer to pay all 
approved outstanding accounts. In a similar 
manner, all recommendations proposed by the 
Committee should be summarized for presenta- 
tion and approval in open lodge. Parallel 
motions should be prepared beforehand; such 
motions, where required, should include the 
names of persons recommended by the Committee 
of General Purposes and who have accepted the 
responsibility of the assignment. A proposed 
time frame should be stipulated for various 
phases of the project. 

These recommendations, or proposed improve- 
ments in procedure, should not only reduce 
the time taken during the regular meeting of 
the Lodge, but will place more responsibility 
on the Committee of General Purposes and the 
Standing and Special Committees, and insure 
that action can be implemented without delay. 



J. Pos, Aug. 10, 1990 



MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page123 



OUR DEPARTED BRETHREN 



The following names of deceased members 
of The Heritage Lodge No. 730, G.R.C., have 
come to our attention during the past year. 
In a number of cases, the specific date of 
passing was not known. 



V.W.Bro. Norman Campbell Gourlie 

Scarboro 

Tuscan Lodge No. 541 

Died in 1989 (no date given) 



W. Bro. Buddington Hubbard 

Don Mills 

Mimosa Lodge No. 576 

(no date of death given) 



W. Bro. Robert Denzy Jones 

Belleville 

Eureke Lodge No. 283 

Died May 1988 (Advised March 1990) 



W. Bro. Francis James Mellville Major 

Toronto 

Huron-Bruce Lodge No. 611 

Died May 12, 1990 



V.W. Bro. David M. McAteet 

Alliston 

Seven Star Lodge No. 285 

Died December 4, 1989 

IN MEMORIUM Page124 



R. W. Bro. William James Searson 

Ayr 

Ayr Lodge No. 172 

Died November 25, 1989 

V.W. Bro. Joseph Harry Ashmore White 

(Charter Member) 

Agincourt 

Zeta Lodge No. 410 

Died May 15, 1990 



V.W. Bro. Peter Worthington 

Brantford 

Ozias Lodge No. 508 

Died November 20, 1989 



"They are not dead who live in lives they leave behind; 

In those whom they have blessed, they live again, 
And shall live through the years 

Eternal life, and grow each day more beautiful 
As time declares their good, 

Forgets the rest, and proves their immortality." 



T. Ray Powell 



IN MEMORIUM Page 125 



AN ANCHOR 



Each man should have an anchor 
A guidepost in his life. 
To shield him from temptations 
In a world of greed and strife. 



He needs someone to share each day 
Who has time to give a smile. 
If we stop and think, its little things 
That help make life worthwhile. 



To see a little child asleep 
Entrusted with his care. 
T'is one of precious moments 
He needs someone to share. 



His home life is established 
T'is time to look around. 
Time to help his fellow man 
Time to break new ground. 



T'is time to look for open doors 
Where friendship he will find. 
Where men will feel a common bond 
And respect for all mankind. 



As years go by more steps he'll take 
More doors will open wide. 
His friends are spread across the land 
He takes it all in stride. 



AN ANCHOR... Page126 



Let this friendship be an anchor 
That he can lean upon. 
He sees himself as growing old 
This friendship carries on. 



Good men will ne'er forsake him 
Because his hair is grey. 
He has those precious memories 
No one can take away. 



He can try to build a better world 
As young men carry on. 
Let this friendship be an anchor 
That they can lean upon. 



Gordon Winters 
January 28, 1990 



W. Bro. Winters is a Past Master of Scott Lodge No. 421 
G.R.C., Grand Valley, Ontario. 



AN ANCHOR... Page127 



GRAND LODGE OFFICERS (1989-90) 

The Most Worshipful The Grand Master 

M.W. Bro. David C. Bradley 

81 Hillsdale Ave. W. , 
Toronto, Ontario, M5P 1G2 

The Deputy Grand Master 

R.W. Bro. Norman E. Byrne 

166 John Street South, 
Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 2C4 

The Grand Secretary 

M.W. Bro. Robert E. Davies 

P.O. Box 217, 
Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 3C9 



THE HERITAGE LODGE OFFICERS (1989-1990) 



W. M. , V.W. Bro. Donald B. Kaufman 

I. P. M. , R.W. Bro. Edmund V. Ralph 
S. W. , R.W. Bro. Wlifred T. Greenhough 
J. W. , R.W. Bro. Frank G. Dunn 

Chaplain, R.W. Bro. Rev. R. Cerwyn Davies 
Treasurer, R.W. Bro. Duncan J. McFadgen 
Secretary, R.W. Bro. Rev. W. Gray Rivers 



Assist 
S. D. , 
J. D. , 
D. of C. , 
I. G. , 
S. S. , 
J • S • , 
Organist, 
Historian, 
Tyler, 



Sec'y, V.W. Bro. George 
W 



R.W 



F. Moore 

Bro. Stephen H. Maizels 

W. Bro. David Fletcher 

R.W. Bro. Edsel C. Steen 

Bro. Kenneth L. Whiting 

W. Bro. Thomas Crowley 

R.W. Bro. Larry J. Hostine 

R.W. Bro. Leonard R. Hertel 

R.W. Bro. Fred R. Branscombe 

R.W. Bro. John M. Boersma 



OFFICERS, CHAIRMEN, etc. 



Page 128 



CHAIRMEN- LODGE COMMITTEES (1989-1990) 



Archivist, 

Editor, 

Masonic Info. , 

Curator, 

Librarian, 

Graphics, 



W. Bro. Glenson T. Jones 

R.W. Bro. Jacob (Jack) Pos 

R.W. Bro. C. Edwin Drew 

W. Bro. Harold Smith 

R.W. Bro. John Storey 

Bro. Basil Liaskas 



Finance & By-Laws, W. Bro. Donald Thornton 
Membership, R.W. Bro. John M. Boersma 
Blk. Cr. Heritage, V.W. Bro. Allan D. Hogg 
Publications, R.W. Bro. Balfour LeGresley 
Special Events, R.W. Bro. Kenneth Whiting 
Liaskas Paintings, R.W. Bro. Frank G. Dunn 
Auditors: R.W. Bro. Kenneth Bartlett 

R.W. Bro. James Curtis 



The Heritage Corporation 



President, 
Vice-President , 
Secretary, 



Jack Pos 
Allan Hogg 
Donald Kaufman 



PAST MASTERS 



1977 (U.D.), 

1978, 

1979, 

1980, 

1981, 

1982, 

1983, 

1984, 

1985, 

1986, 

1987, 

1988, 

1989, 



R.W. Bro. Jacob (Jack) Pos 

R.W. Bro. Jacob (Jack) Pos 

R.W. Bro. Keith R. Flynn 

R.W. Bro. Donald Grinton 

M.W. Bro. Ronald E. Groshaw 

V.W. Bro. George E. Zwicker 

R.W. Bro. Balfour LeGresley 

M.W. Bro. David C. Bradley 

R.W. Bro. C. Edwin Drew 

R.W. Bro. Robert S. Throop 

W. Bro. Albert A. Barker 

R.W. Bro. Edsel C. Steen 

R.W. Bro. Edmund V. Ralph 



OFFICERS, CHAIRMEN, etc.... 



Page129 



(continued from page 111) 

District Deputy Grand Master for the London 
District on two separate occasions, 1866 and 
1872. The Grand Lodge of Canada proceedings 
covering the funeral of the late Grand Master 
William Mercer Wilson also records Francis 
Westlake as one of the pallbearers. 

V. Wor. Bro. Tom Johnson was able to ascer- 
tain that on his death Francis Westlake was 
buried in St. Paul's churchyard in London, and 
after the property was sold for development, 
the grave along with others was moved. He is 
not certain of the present site, but in view 
of the connection of St. Paul's cathedral with 
Woodland cemetery, possibly that may be the 
location. 

I would be remiss if I did not, at this 
time, take the opportunity of personally 
thanking the two London District Deputy Grand 
Masters, R.Wor. Bros. Ford and Marner, for so 
actively promoting this meeting during their 
official visits and their districts for host- 
ing it. 



Frank A. Standring 



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